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Mon, 20 Nov 2017



CountryEthnic groups
Arubamixed white/Caribbean Amerindian 80%
Antigua and Barbudablack, British, Portuguese, Lebanese, Syrian
United Arab EmiratesEmirati 19%, other Arab and Iranian 23%, South Asian 50%, other expatriates (includes Westerners and East Asians) 8% (1982)
AfghanistanPashtun 42%, Tajik 27%, Hazara 9%, Uzbek 9%, Aimak 4%, Turkmen 3%, Baloch 2%, other 4%
AlgeriaArab-Berber 99%, European less than 1%
AzerbaijanAzeri 90.6%, Dagestani 2.2%, Russian 1.8%, Armenian 1.5%, other 3.9% (1999 census)
AlbaniaAlbanian 95%, Greek 3%, other 2% (Vlach, Roma (Gypsy), Serb, Macedonian, Bulgarian) (1989 est.)
ArmeniaArmenian 97.9%, Yezidi (Kurd) 1.3%, Russian 0.5%, other 0.3% (2001 census)
AndorraSpanish 43%, Andorran 33%, Portuguese 11%, French 7%, other 6% (1998)
AngolaOvimbundu 37%, Kimbundu 25%, Bakongo 13%, mestico (mixed European and native African) 2%, European 1%, other 22%
American Samoanative Pacific islander 92.9%, Asian 2.9%, white 1.2%, mixed 2.8%, other 0.2% (2000 census)
Argentinawhite (mostly Spanish and Italian) 97%, mestizo (mixed white and Amerindian ancestry), Amerindian, or other non-white groups 3%
AustraliaCaucasian 92%, Asian 7%, aboriginal and other 1%
Ashmore and Cartier Islands
AustriaAustrians 91.1%, former Yugoslavs 4% (includes Croatians, Slovenes, Serbs, and Bosniaks), Turks 1.6%, German 0.9%, other or unspecified 2.4% (2001 census)
Anguillablack (predominant) 90.1%, mixed, mulatto 4.6%, white 3.7%, other 1.6% (2001 Census)
Akrotiri
Antarctica
BahrainBahraini 62.4%, non-Bahraini 37.6% (2001 census)
Barbadosblack 90%, white 4%, Asian and mixed 6%
BotswanaTswana (or Setswana) 79%, Kalanga 11%, Basarwa 3%, other, including Kgalagadi and white 7%
Bermudablack 54.8%, white 34.1%, mixed 6.4%, other races 4.3%, unspecified 0.4% (2000 census)
BelgiumFleming 58%, Walloon 31%, mixed or other 11%
Bahamas, Theblack 85%, white 12%, Asian and Hispanic 3%
BangladeshBengali 98%, tribal groups, non-Bengali Muslims (1998)
Belizemestizo 48.7%, Creole 24.9%, Maya 10.6%, Garifuna 6.1%, other 9.7%
Bosnia and HerzegovinaSerb 37.1%, Bosniak 48%, Croat 14.3%, other 0.6% (2000)
BoliviaQuechua 30%, mestizo (mixed white and Amerindian ancestry) 30%, Aymara 25%, white 15%
BurmaBurman 68%, Shan 9%, Karen 7%, Rakhine 4%, Chinese 3%, Indian 2%, Mon 2%, other 5%
BeninAfrican 99% (42 ethnic groups, most important being Fon, Adja, Yoruba, Bariba), Europeans 5,500
BelarusBelarusian 81.2%, Russian 11.4%, Polish 3.9%, Ukrainian 2.4%, other 1.1% (1999 census)
Solomon IslandsMelanesian 94.5%, Polynesian 3%, Micronesian 1.2%, other 1.1%, unspecified 0.2% (1999 census)
Navassa Island
Brazilwhite 53.7%, mulatto (mixed white and black) 38.5%, black 6.2%, other (includes Japanese, Arab, Amerindian) 0.9%, unspecified 0.7% (2000 census)
Bassas da India
BhutanBhote 50%, ethnic Nepalese 35% (includes Lhotsampas - one of several Nepalese ethnic groups), indigenous or migrant tribes 15%
BulgariaBulgarian 83.9%, Turk 9.4%, Roma 4.7%, other 2% (including Macedonian, Armenian, Tatar, Circassian) (2001 census)
Bouvet Island
BruneiMalay 67%, Chinese 15%, indigenous 6%, other 12%
BurundiHutu (Bantu) 85%, Tutsi (Hamitic) 14%, Twa (Pygmy) 1%, Europeans 3,000, South Asians 2,000
CanadaBritish Isles origin 28%, French origin 23%, other European 15%, Amerindian 2%, other, mostly Asian, African, Arab 6%, mixed background 26%
CambodiaKhmer 90%, Vietnamese 5%, Chinese 1%, other 4%
Chad200 distinct groups; in the north and center: Arabs, Gorane (Toubou, Daza, Kreda), Zaghawa, Kanembou, Ouaddai, Baguirmi, Hadjerai, Fulbe, Kotoko, Hausa, Boulala, and Maba, most of whom are Muslim; in the south: Sara (Ngambaye, Mbaye, Goulaye), Moundang, Moussei, Massa, most of whom are Christian or animist; about 1,000 French citizens live in Chad
Sri LankaSinhalese 73.8%, Sri Lankan Moors 7.2%, Indian Tamil 4.6%, Sri Lankan Tamil 3.9%, other 0.5%, unspecified 10% (2001 census provisional data)
Congo, Republic of theKongo 48%, Sangha 20%, M'Bochi 12%, Teke 17%, Europeans and other 3%
Congo, Democratic Republic of theover 200 African ethnic groups of which the majority are Bantu; the four largest tribes - Mongo, Luba, Kongo (all Bantu), and the Mangbetu-Azande (Hamitic) make up about 45% of the population
ChinaHan Chinese 91.9%, Zhuang, Uygur, Hui, Yi, Tibetan, Miao, Manchu, Mongol, Buyi, Korean, and other nationalities 8.1%
Chilewhite and white-Amerindian 95%, Amerindian 3%, other 2%
Cayman Islandsmixed 40%, white 20%, black 20%, expatriates of various ethnic groups 20%
Cocos (Keeling) IslandsEuropeans, Cocos Malays
CameroonCameroon Highlanders 31%, Equatorial Bantu 19%, Kirdi 11%, Fulani 10%, Northwestern Bantu 8%, Eastern Nigritic 7%, other African 13%, non-African less than 1%
ComorosAntalote, Cafre, Makoa, Oimatsaha, Sakalava
Colombiamestizo 58%, white 20%, mulatto 14%, black 4%, mixed black-Amerindian 3%, Amerindian 1%
Northern Mariana IslandsAsian 56.3%, Pacific islander 36.3%, Caucasian 1.8%, other 0.8%, mixed 4.8% (2000 census)
Coral Sea Islands
Costa Ricawhite (including mestizo) 94%, black 3%, Amerindian 1%, Chinese 1%, other 1%
Central African RepublicBaya 33%, Banda 27%, Mandjia 13%, Sara 10%, Mboum 7%, M'Baka 4%, Yakoma 4%, other 2%
Cubamulatto 51%, white 37%, black 11%, Chinese 1%
Cape VerdeCreole (mulatto) 71%, African 28%, European 1%
Cook IslandsCook Island Maori (Polynesian) 87.7%, part Cook Island Maori 5.8%, other 6.5% (2001 census)
CyprusGreek 77%, Turkish 18%, other 5% (2001)
DenmarkScandinavian, Inuit, Faroese, German, Turkish, Iranian, Somali
DjiboutiSomali 60%, Afar 35%, French, Arab, Ethiopian, and Italian 5%
Dominicablack, mixed black and European, European, Syrian, Carib Amerindian
Jarvis Island
Dominican Republicwhite 16%, black 11%, mixed 73%
Dhekelia
Ecuadormestizo (mixed Amerindian and white) 65%, Amerindian 25%, Spanish and others 7%, black 3%
European Union
EgyptEastern Hamitic stock (Egyptians, Bedouins, and Berbers) 99%, Greek, Nubian, Armenian, other European (primarily Italian and French) 1%
IrelandCeltic, English
Equatorial GuineaBioko (primarily Bubi, some Fernandinos), Rio Muni (primarily Fang), Europeans less than 1,000, mostly Spanish
EstoniaEstonian 67.9%, Russian 25.6%, Ukrainian 2.1%, Belarusian 1.3%, Finn 0.9%, other 2.2% (2000 census)
Eritreaethnic Tigrinya 50%, Tigre and Kunama 40%, Afar 4%, Saho (Red Sea coast dwellers) 3%, other 3%
El Salvadormestizo 90%, white 9%, Amerindian 1%
EthiopiaOromo 40%, Amhara and Tigre 32%, Sidamo 9%, Shankella 6%, Somali 6%, Afar 4%, Gurage 2%, other 1%
Europa Island
Czech RepublicCzech 90.4%, Moravian 3.7%, Slovak 1.9%, other 4% (2001 census)
French Guianablack or mulatto 66%, white 12%, East Indian, Chinese, Amerindian 12%, other 10%
FinlandFinn 93.4%, Swede 5.7%, Russian 0.4%, Estonian 0.2%, Roma 0.2%, Sami 0.1%
FijiFijian 51% (predominantly Melanesian with a Polynesian admixture), Indian 44%, European, other Pacific Islanders, overseas Chinese, and other 5% (1998 est.)
Falkland Islands (Islas Malvinas)British
Micronesia, Federated States ofnine ethnic Micronesian and Polynesian groups
Faroe IslandsScandinavian
French PolynesiaPolynesian 78%, Chinese 12%, local French 6%, metropolitan French 4%
Baker Island
FranceCeltic and Latin with Teutonic, Slavic, North African, Indochinese, Basque minorities
French Southern and Antarctic Lands
Gambia, TheAfrican 99% (Mandinka 42%, Fula 18%, Wolof 16%, Jola 10%, Serahuli 9%, other 4%), non-African 1%
GabonBantu tribes including four major tribal groupings (Fang, Bapounou, Nzebi, Obamba), other Africans and Europeans 154,000, including 10,700 French and 11,000 persons of dual nationality
GeorgiaGeorgian 83.8%, Azeri 6.5%, Armenian 5.7%, Russian 1.5%, other 2.5% (2002 census)
Ghanablack African 98.5% (major tribes - Akan 44%, Moshi-Dagomba 16%, Ewe 13%, Ga 8%, Gurma 3%, Yoruba 1%), European and other 1.5% (1998)
GibraltarSpanish, Italian, English, Maltese, Portuguese, German, North Africans
Grenadablack 82%, mixed black and European 13%, European and East Indian 5%, and trace of Arawak/Carib Amerindian
GuernseyUK and Norman-French descent with small percentages from other European countries
GreenlandGreenlander 88% (Inuit and Greenland-born whites), Danish and others 12% (January 2000)
GermanyGerman 91.5%, Turkish 2.4%, other 6.1% (made up largely of Greek, Italian, Polish, Russian, Serbo-Croatian, Spanish)
Glorioso Islands
Guadeloupeblack or mulatto 90%, white 5%, East Indian, Lebanese, Chinese less than 5%
GuamChamorro 37.1%, Filipino 26.3%, other Pacific islander 11.3%, white 6.9%, other Asian 6.3%, other ethnic origin or race 2.3%, mixed 9.8% (2000 census)
GreeceGreek 98%, other 2%
GuatemalaMestizo (mixed Amerindian-Spanish - in local Spanish called Ladino) and European 59.4%, K'iche 9.1%, Kaqchikel 8.4%, Mam 7.9%, Q'eqchi 6.3%, other Mayan 8.6%, indigenous non-Mayan 0.2%, other 0.1% (2001 census)
GuineaPeuhl 40%, Malinke 30%, Soussou 20%, smaller ethnic groups 10%
GuyanaEast Indian 50%, black 36%, Amerindian 7%, white, Chinese, and mixed 7%
Gaza StripPalestinian Arab and other 99.4%, Jewish 0.6%
Haitiblack 95%, mulatto and white 5%
Hong KongChinese 95%, other 5%
Heard Island and McDonald Islands
Hondurasmestizo (mixed Amerindian and European) 90%, Amerindian 7%, black 2%, white 1%
Howland Island
CroatiaCroat 89.6%, Serb 4.5%, other 5.9% (including Bosniak, Hungarian, Slovene, Czech, and Roma) (2001 census)
HungaryHungarian 92.3%, Roma 1.9%, other or unknown 5.8% (2001 census)
Icelandhomogeneous mixture of descendants of Norse and Celts 94%, population of foreign origin 6%
IndonesiaJavanese 45%, Sundanese 14%, Madurese 7.5%, coastal Malays 7.5%, other 26%
Man, Isle ofManx (Norse-Celtic descent), Briton
IndiaIndo-Aryan 72%, Dravidian 25%, Mongoloid and other 3% (2000)
British Indian Ocean Territory
Clipperton Island
IranPersian 51%, Azeri 24%, Gilaki and Mazandarani 8%, Kurd 7%, Arab 3%, Lur 2%, Baloch 2%, Turkmen 2%, other 1%
IsraelJewish 80.1% (Europe/America-born 32.1%, Israel-born 20.8%, Africa-born 14.6%, Asia-born 12.6%), non-Jewish 19.9% (mostly Arab) (1996 est.)
ItalyItalian (includes small clusters of German-, French-, and Slovene-Italians in the north and Albanian-Italians and Greek-Italians in the south)
IraqArab 75%-80%, Kurdish 15%-20%, Turkoman, Assyrian or other 5%
JapanJapanese 99%, others 1% (Korean 511,262, Chinese 244,241, Brazilian 182,232, Filipino 89,851, other 237,914)
JerseyJersey 51.1%, British 34.8%, Irish, French, and other white 6.6%, Portuguese/Madeiran 6.4%, other 1.1% (2001 census)
Jamaicablack 90.9%, East Indian 1.3%, white 0.2%, Chinese 0.2%, mixed 7.3%, other 0.1%
Jan Mayen
JordanArab 98%, Circassian 1%, Armenian 1%
Johnston Atoll
Juan de Nova Island
KenyaKikuyu 22%, Luhya 14%, Luo 13%, Kalenjin 12%, Kamba 11%, Kisii 6%, Meru 6%, other African 15%, non-African (Asian, European, and Arab) 1%
KyrgyzstanKyrgyz 64.9%, Uzbek 13.8%, Russian 12.5%, Dungan 1.1%, Ukrainian 1%, Uygur 1%, other 5.7% (1999 census)
Korea, Northracially homogeneous; there is a small Chinese community and a few ethnic Japanese
Kingman Reef
KiribatiMicronesian 98.8%, other 1.2% (2000 census)
Korea, Southhomogeneous (except for about 20,000 Chinese)
Christmas IslandChinese 70%, European 20%, Malay 10%
KuwaitKuwaiti 45%, other Arab 35%, South Asian 9%, Iranian 4%, other 7%
KazakhstanKazakh (Qazaq) 53.4%, Russian 30%, Ukrainian 3.7%, Uzbek 2.5%, German 2.4%, Tatar 1.7%, Uygur 1.4%, other 4.9% (1999 census)
LaosLao Loum (lowland) 68%, Lao Theung (upland) 22%, Lao Soung (highland) including the Hmong and the Yao 9%, ethnic Vietnamese/Chinese 1%
LebanonArab 95%, Armenian 4%, other 1%
LatviaLatvian 57.7%, Russian 29.6%, Belarusian 4.1%, Ukrainian 2.7%, Polish 2.5%, Lithuanian 1.4%, other 2% (2002)
LithuaniaLithuanian 83.4%, Polish 6.7%, Russian 6.3%, other or unspecified 3.6% (2001 census)
Liberiaindigenous African tribes 95% (including Kpelle, Bassa, Gio, Kru, Grebo, Mano, Krahn, Gola, Gbandi, Loma, Kissi, Vai, Dei, Bella, Mandingo, and Mende), Americo-Liberians 2.5% (descendants of immigrants from the US who had been slaves), Congo People 2.5% (descendants of immigrants from the Caribbean who had been slaves)
SlovakiaSlovak 85.8%, Hungarian 9.7%, Roma 1.7%, Ruthenian/Ukrainian 1%, other and unspecified 1.8% (2001 census)
Palmyra Atoll
LiechtensteinAlemannic 86%, Italian, Turkish, and other 14%
LesothoSotho 99.7%, Europeans, Asians, and other 0.3%,
LuxembourgCeltic base (with French and German blend), Portuguese, Italian, Slavs (from Montenegro, Albania, and Kosovo) and European (guest and resident workers)
LibyaBerber and Arab 97%, Greeks, Maltese, Italians, Egyptians, Pakistanis, Turks, Indians, Tunisians
MadagascarMalayo-Indonesian (Merina and related Betsileo), Cotiers (mixed African, Malayo-Indonesian, and Arab ancestry - Betsimisaraka, Tsimihety, Antaisaka, Sakalava), French, Indian, Creole, Comoran
MartiniqueAfrican and African-white-Indian mixture 90%, white 5%, East Indian, Chinese less than 5%
MacauChinese 95.7%, Macanese (mixed Portuguese and Asian ancestry) 1%, other 3.3% (2001 census)
MoldovaMoldovan/Romanian 64.5%, Ukrainian 13.8%, Russian 13%, Jewish 1.5%, Bulgarian 2%, Gagauz and other 5.2% (1989 est.)
Mayotte
MongoliaMongol (mostly Khalkha) 94.9%, Turkic (mostly Kazakh) 5%, other (including Chinese and Russian) 0.1% (2000)
Montserratblack, white
MalawiChewa, Nyanja, Tumbuka, Yao, Lomwe, Sena, Tonga, Ngoni, Ngonde, Asian, European
MacedoniaMacedonian 64.2%, Albanian 25.2%, Turkish 3.9%, Roma 2.7%, Serb 1.8%, other 2.2% (2002 census)
MaliMande 50% (Bambara, Malinke, Soninke), Peul 17%, Voltaic 12%, Songhai 6%, Tuareg and Moor 10%, other 5%
MonacoFrench 47%, Monegasque 16%, Italian 16%, other 21%
MoroccoArab-Berber 99.1%, other 0.7%, Jewish 0.2%
MauritiusIndo-Mauritian 68%, Creole 27%, Sino-Mauritian 3%, Franco-Mauritian 2%
Midway Islands
Mauritaniamixed Maur/black 40%, Moor 30%, black 30%
MaltaMaltese (descendants of ancient Carthaginians and Phoenicians, with strong elements of Italian and other Mediterranean stock)
OmanArab, Baluchi, South Asian (Indian, Pakistani, Sri Lankan, Bangladeshi), African
MaldivesSouth Indians, Sinhalese, Arabs
Mexicomestizo (Amerindian-Spanish) 60%, Amerindian or predominantly Amerindian 30%, white 9%, other 1%
MalaysiaMalay 50.4%, Chinese 23.7%, Indigenous 11%, Indian 7.1%, others 7.8% (2004 est.)
Mozambiqueindigenous tribal groups 99.66% (Makhuwa, Tsonga, Lomwe, Sena, and others), Europeans 0.06%, Euro-Africans 0.2%, Indians 0.08%
New CaledoniaMelanesian 42.5%, European 37.1%, Wallisian 8.4%, Polynesian 3.8%, Indonesian 3.6%, Vietnamese 1.6%, other 3%
NiueNiuen 78.2%, Pacific islander 10.2%, European 4.5%, mixed 3.9%, Asian 0.2%, unspecified 3% (2001 census)
Norfolk Islanddescendants of the Bounty mutineers, Australian, New Zealander, Polynesians
NigerHausa 56%, Djerma 22%, Fula 8.5%, Tuareg 8%, Beri Beri (Kanouri) 4.3%, Arab, Toubou, and Gourmantche 1.2%, about 1,200 French expatriates
VanuatuNi-Vanuatu 98.5%, other 1.5% (1999 Census)
NigeriaNigeria, Africa's most populous country, is composed of more than 250 ethnic groups; the following are the most populous and politically influential: Hausa and Fulani 29%, Yoruba 21%, Igbo (Ibo) 18%, Ijaw 10%, Kanuri 4%, Ibibio 3.5%, Tiv 2.5%
NetherlandsDutch 83%, other 17% (of which 9% are non-Western origin mainly Turks, Moroccans, Antilleans, Surinamese, and Indonesians) (1999 est.)
NorwayNorwegian, Sami 20,000
NepalChhettri 15.5%, Brahman-Hill 12.5%, Magar 7%, Tharu 6.6%, Tamang 5.5%, Newar 5.4%, Muslim 4.2%, Kami 3.9%, Yadav 3.9%, other 32.7%, unspecified 2.8% (2001 census)
NauruNauruan 58%, other Pacific Islander 26%, Chinese 8%, European 8%
SurinameHindustani (also known locally as "East Indians"; their ancestors emigrated from northern India in the latter part of the 19th century) 37%, Creole (mixed white and black) 31%, Javanese 15%, "Maroons" (their African ancestors were brought to the country in the 17th and 18th centuries as slaves and escaped to the interior) 10%, Amerindian 2%, Chinese 2%, white 1%, other 2%
Netherlands Antillesmixed black 85%, Carib Amerindian, white, East Asian
Nicaraguamestizo (mixed Amerindian and white) 69%, white 17%, black 9%, Amerindian 5%
New ZealandEuropean 69.8%, Maori 7.9%, Asian 5.7%, Pacific islander 4.4%, other 0.5%, mixed 7.8%, unspecified 3.8% (2001 census)
Southern Ocean
Paraguaymestizo (mixed Spanish and Amerindian) 95%, other 5%
Pitcairn Islandsdescendants of the Bounty mutineers and their Tahitian wives
PeruAmerindian 45%, mestizo (mixed Amerindian and white) 37%, white 15%, black, Japanese, Chinese, and other 3%
Paracel Islands
Spratly Islands
PakistanPunjabi, Sindhi, Pashtun (Pathan), Baloch, Muhajir (immigrants from India at the time of partition and their descendants)
PolandPolish 96.7%, German 0.4%, Belarusian 0.1%, Ukrainian 0.1%, other and unspecified 2.7% (2002 census)
Panamamestizo (mixed Amerindian and white) 70%, Amerindian and mixed (West Indian) 14%, white 10%, Amerindian 6%
Portugalhomogeneous Mediterranean stock; citizens of black African descent who immigrated to mainland during decolonization number less than 100,000; since 1990 East Europeans have entered Portugal
Papua New GuineaMelanesian, Papuan, Negrito, Micronesian, Polynesian
PalauPalauan (Micronesian with Malayan and Melanesian admixtures) 69.9%, Carolinian 1.4%, other Micronesian 1.1%, Filipino 15.3%, Chinese 4.9%, other Asian 2.4%, white 1.9%, other or unspecified 3.2% (2000 census)
Guinea-BissauAfrican 99% (Balanta 30%, Fula 20%, Manjaca 14%, Mandinga 13%, Papel 7%), European and mulatto less than 1%
QatarArab 40%, Pakistani 18%, Indian 18%, Iranian 10%, other 14%
ReunionFrench, African, Malagasy, Chinese, Pakistani, Indian
Marshall IslandsMicronesian
RomaniaRomanian 89.5%, Hungarian 6.6%, Roma 2.5%, Ukrainian 0.3%, German 0.3%, Russian 0.2%, Turkish 0.2%, other 0.4% (2002 census)
PhilippinesTagalog 28.1%, Cebuano 13.1%, Llocano 9%, Bisaya/Binisaya 7.6%, Hiligaynon Ilonggo 7.5%, Bikol 6%, Waray 3.4%, other 25.3% (2000 census)
Puerto Ricowhite (mostly Spanish origin) 80.5%, black 8%, Amerindian 0.4%, Asian 0.2%, mixed and other 10.9%
RussiaRussian 79.8%, Tatar 3.8%, Ukrainian 2%, Bashkir 1.2%, Chuvash 1.1%, other or unspecified 12.1% (2002 census)
RwandaHutu 84%, Tutsi 15%, Twa (Pygmoid) 1%
Saudi ArabiaArab 90%, Afro-Asian 10%
Saint Pierre and MiquelonBasques and Bretons (French fishermen)
Saint Kitts and Nevispredominantly black; some British, Portuguese, and Lebanese
Seychellesmixed French, African, Indian, Chinese, and Arab
South Africablack African 79%, white 9.6%, colored 8.9%, Indian/Asian 2.5% (2001 census)
SenegalWolof 43.3%, Pular 23.8%, Serer 14.7%, Jola 3.7%, Mandinka 3%, Soninke 1.1%, European and Lebanese 1%, other 9.4%
Saint HelenaAfrican descent 50%, white 25%, Chinese 25%
SloveniaSlovene 83.1%, Serb 2%, Croat 1.8%, Bosniak 1.1%, other or unspecified 12% (2002 census)
Sierra Leone20 native African tribes 90% (Temne 30%, Mende 30%, other 30%), Creole (Krio) 10% (descendants of freed Jamaican slaves who were settled in the Freetown area in the late-18th century), refugees from Liberia's recent civil war, small numbers of Europeans, Lebanese, Pakistanis, and Indians
San MarinoSammarinese, Italian
SingaporeChinese 76.8%, Malay 13.9%, Indian 7.9%, other 1.4% (2000 census)
SomaliaSomali 85%, Bantu and other non-Somali 15% (including Arabs 30,000)
Spaincomposite of Mediterranean and Nordic types
Saint Luciablack 90%, mixed 6%, East Indian 3%, white 1%
Sudanblack 52%, Arab 39%, Beja 6%, foreigners 2%, other 1%
SvalbardNorwegian 55.4%, Russian and Ukrainian 44.3%, other 0.3% (1998)
Swedenindigenous population: Swedes and Finnish and Sami minorities; foreign-born or first-generation immigrants: Finns, Yugoslavs, Danes, Norwegians, Greeks, Turks
South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands
SyriaArab 90.3%, Kurds, Armenians, and other 9.7%
SwitzerlandGerman 65%, French 18%, Italian 10%, Romansch 1%, other 6%
Trinidad and TobagoIndian (South Asian) 40%, African 37.5%, mixed 20.5%, other 1.2%, unspecified 0.8% (2000 census)
Tromelin Island
ThailandThai 75%, Chinese 14%, other 11%
TajikistanTajik 79.9%, Uzbek 15.3%, Russian 1.1%, Kyrgyz 1.1%, other 2.6% (2000 census)
Turks and Caicos Islandsblack 90%, mixed, European, or North American 10%
TokelauPolynesian
TongaPolynesian, Europeans about 300
Togonative African (37 tribes; largest and most important are Ewe, Mina, and Kabre) 99%, European and Syrian-Lebanese less than 1%
Sao Tome and Principemestico, angolares (descendants of Angolan slaves), forros (descendants of freed slaves), servicais (contract laborers from Angola, Mozambique, and Cape Verde), tongas (children of servicais born on the islands), Europeans (primarily Portuguese)
TunisiaArab 98%, European 1%, Jewish and other 1%
East TimorAustronesian (Malayo-Polynesian), Papuan, small Chinese minority
TurkeyTurkish 80%, Kurdish 20% (estimated)
TuvaluPolynesian 96%, Micronesian 4%
TaiwanTaiwanese (including Hakka) 84%, mainland Chinese 14%, aborigine 2%
TurkmenistanTurkmen 85%, Uzbek 5%, Russian 4%, other 6% (2003)
Tanzaniamainland - native African 99% (of which 95% are Bantu consisting of more than 130 tribes), other 1% (consisting of Asian, European, and Arab); Zanzibar - Arab, native African, mixed Arab and native African
UgandaBaganda 17%, Ankole 8%, Basoga 8%, Iteso 8%, Bakiga 7%, Langi 6%, Rwanda 6%, Bagisu 5%, Acholi 4%, Lugbara 4%, Batoro 3%, Bunyoro 3%, Alur 2%, Bagwere 2%, Bakonjo 2%, Jopodhola 2%, Karamojong 2%, Rundi 2%, non-African (European, Asian, Arab) 1%, other 8%
United Kingdomwhite (English 83.6%, Scottish 8.6%, Welsh 4.9%, Northern Irish 2.9%) 92.1%, black 2%, Indian 1.8%, Pakistani 1.3%, mixed 1.2%, other 1.6% (2001 census)
UkraineUkrainian 77.8%, Russian 17.3%, Belarusian 0.6%, Moldovan 0.5%, Crimean Tatar 0.5%, Bulgarian 0.4%, Hungarian 0.3%, Romanian 0.3%, Polish 0.3%, Jewish 0.2%, other 1.8% (2001 census)
United Stateswhite 81.7%, black 12.9%, Asian 4.2%, Amerindian and Alaska native 1%, native Hawaiian and other Pacific islander 0.2% (2003 est.)
Burkina FasoMossi over 40%, Gurunsi, Senufo, Lobi, Bobo, Mande, Fulani
Uruguaywhite 88%, mestizo 8%, black 4%, Amerindian (practically nonexistent)
UzbekistanUzbek 80%, Russian 5.5%, Tajik 5%, Kazakh 3%, Karakalpak 2.5%, Tatar 1.5%, other 2.5% (1996 est.)
Saint Vincent and the Grenadinesblack 66%, mixed 19%, East Indian 6%, Carib Amerindian 2%, other 7%
VenezuelaSpanish, Italian, Portuguese, Arab, German, African, indigenous people
British Virgin Islandsblack 83%, white, Indian, Asian and mixed
VietnamKinh (Viet) 86.2%, Tay 1.9%, Thai 1.7%, Muong 1.5%, Khome 1.4%, Hoa 1.1%, Nun 1.1%, Hmong 1%, others 4.1% (1999 census)
Virgin Islandsblack 76.2%, white 13.1%, Asian 1.1%, other 6.1%, mixed 3.5% (2000 census)
Holy See (Vatican City)Italians, Swiss, other
Namibiablack 87.5%, white 6%, mixed 6.5%
West BankPalestinian Arab and other 83%, Jewish 17%
Wallis and FutunaPolynesian
Western SaharaArab, Berber
Wake Island
SamoaSamoan 92.6%, Euronesians 7% (persons of European and Polynesian blood), Europeans 0.4%
SwazilandAfrican 97%, European 3%
Indian Ocean
Arctic Ocean
World
Serbia and MontenegroSerb 62.6%, Albanian 16.5%, Montenegrin 5%, Hungarian 3.3%, other 12.6% (1991)
Yemenpredominantly Arab; but also Afro-Arab, South Asians, Europeans
ZambiaAfrican 98.7%, European 1.1%, other 0.2%
Atlantic Ocean
ZimbabweAfrican 98% (Shona 82%, Ndebele 14%, other 2%), mixed and Asian 1%, white less than 1%
Pacific Ocean
Cote d'IvoireAkan 42.1%, Voltaiques or Gur 17.6%, Northern Mandes 16.5%, Krous 11%, Southern Mandes 10%, other 2.8% (includes 130,000 Lebanese and 14,000 French) (1998)
Arubamixed white/Caribbean Amerindian 80%
Antigua and Barbudablack, British, Portuguese, Lebanese, Syrian
United Arab EmiratesEmirati 19%, other Arab and Iranian 23%, South Asian 50%, other expatriates (includes Westerners and East Asians) 8% (1982)
AfghanistanPashtun 42%, Tajik 27%, Hazara 9%, Uzbek 9%, Aimak 4%, Turkmen 3%, Baloch 2%, other 4%
AlgeriaArab-Berber 99%, European less than 1%
AzerbaijanAzeri 90%, Dagestani 3.2%, Russian 2.5%, Armenian 2%, other 2.3% (1998 est.)
AlbaniaAlbanian 95%, Greek 3%, other 2% (Vlach, Roma (Gypsy), Serb, and Macedonian or Bulgarian) (1989 est.)
ArmeniaArmenian 93%, Azeri 1%, Russian 2%, other (mostly Yezidi Kurds) 4% (2002)
AndorraSpanish 43%, Andorran 33%, Portuguese 11%, French 7%, other 6% (1998)
AngolaOvimbundu 37%, Kimbundu 25%, Bakongo 13%, mestico (mixed European and Native African) 2%, European 1%, other 22%
American SamoaSamoan (Polynesian) 89%, Caucasian 2%, Tongan 4%, other 5%
Argentinawhite (mostly Spanish and Italian) 97%, mestizo, Amerindian, or other nonwhite groups 3%
AustraliaCaucasian 92%, Asian 7%, aboriginal and other 1%
Ashmore and Cartier Islands
AustriaGerman 88.5%, indigenous minorities 1.5% (includes Croatians, Slovenes, Hungarians, Czechs, Slovaks, Roma), recent immigrant groups 10% (includes Turks, Bosnians, Serbians, Croatians) (2001)
Anguillablack (predominant), mulatto, white
Akrotiri
Antarctica
BahrainBahraini 63%, Asian 19%, other Arab 10%, Iranian 8%
Barbadosblack 90%, white 4%, Asian and mixed 6%
BotswanaTswana (or Setswana) 79%, Kalanga 11%, Basarwa 3%, other, including Kgalagadi and white 7%
Bermudablack 58%, white 36%, other 6%
BelgiumFleming 58%, Walloon 31%, mixed or other 11%
Bahamas, Theblack 85%, white 12%, Asian and Hispanic 3%
BangladeshBengali 98%, tribal groups, non-Bengali Muslims (1998)
Belizemestizo 48.7%, Creole 24.9%, Maya 10.6%, Garifuna 6.1%, other 9.7%
Bosnia and HerzegovinaSerb 37.1%, Bosniak 48%, Croat 14.3%, other 0.6% (2000)
BoliviaQuechua 30%, mestizo (mixed white and Amerindian ancestry) 30%, Aymara 25%, white 15%
BurmaBurman 68%, Shan 9%, Karen 7%, Rakhine 4%, Chinese 3%, Indian 2%, Mon 2%, other 5%
BeninAfrican 99% (42 ethnic groups, most important being Fon, Adja, Yoruba, Bariba), Europeans 5,500
BelarusBelarusian 81.2%, Russian 11.4%, Polish, Ukrainian, and other 7.4%
Solomon IslandsMelanesian 93%, Polynesian 4%, Micronesian 1.5%, European 0.8%, Chinese 0.3%, other 0.4%
Navassa Island
Brazilwhite (includes Portuguese, German, Italian, Spanish, Polish) 55%, mixed white and black 38%, black 6%, other (includes Japanese, Arab, Amerindian) 1%
Bassas da India
BhutanBhote 50%, ethnic Nepalese 35% (includes Lhotsampas - one of several Nepalese ethnic groups), indigenous or migrant tribes 15%
BulgariaBulgarian 83.9%, Turk 9.4%, Roma 4.7%, other 2% (including Macedonian, Armenian, Tatar, Circassian) (2001)
Bouvet Island
BruneiMalay 67%, Chinese 15%, indigenous 6%, other 12%
BurundiHutu (Bantu) 85%, Tutsi (Hamitic) 14%, Twa (Pygmy) 1%, Europeans 3,000, South Asians 2,000
CanadaBritish Isles origin 28%, French origin 23%, other European 15%, Amerindian 2%, other, mostly Asian, African, Arab 6%, mixed background 26%
CambodiaKhmer 90%, Vietnamese 5%, Chinese 1%, other 4%
Chad200 distinct groups; in the north and center: Arabs, Gorane (Toubou, Daza, Kreda), Zaghawa, Kanembou, Ouaddai, Baguirmi, Hadjerai, Fulbe, Kotoko, Hausa, Boulala, and Maba, most of whom are Muslim; in the south: Sara (Ngambaye, Mbaye, Goulaye), Moundang, Moussei, Massa, most of whom are Christian or animist; about 1,000 French citizens live in Chad
Sri LankaSinhalese 74%, Tamil 18%, Moor 7%, Burgher, Malay, and Vedda 1%
Congo, Republic of theKongo 48%, Sangha 20%, M'Bochi 12%, Teke 17%, Europeans and other 3%
Congo, Democratic Republic of theover 200 African ethnic groups of which the majority are Bantu; the four largest tribes - Mongo, Luba, Kongo (all Bantu), and the Mangbetu-Azande (Hamitic) make up about 45% of the population
ChinaHan Chinese 91.9%, Zhuang, Uygur, Hui, Yi, Tibetan, Miao, Manchu, Mongol, Buyi, Korean, and other nationalities 8.1%
Chilewhite and white-Amerindian 95%, Amerindian 3%, other 2%
Cayman Islandsmixed 40%, white 20%, black 20%, expatriates of various ethnic groups 20%
Cocos (Keeling) IslandsEuropeans, Cocos Malays
CameroonCameroon Highlanders 31%, Equatorial Bantu 19%, Kirdi 11%, Fulani 10%, Northwestern Bantu 8%, Eastern Nigritic 7%, other African 13%, non-African less than 1%
ComorosAntalote, Cafre, Makoa, Oimatsaha, Sakalava
Colombiamestizo 58%, white 20%, mulatto 14%, black 4%, mixed black-Amerindian 3%, Amerindian 1%
Northern Mariana IslandsChamorro, Carolinians and other Micronesians, Caucasian, Japanese, Chinese, Filipino, Korean
Coral Sea Islands
Costa Ricawhite (including mestizo) 94%, black 3%, Amerindian 1%, Chinese 1%, other 1%
Central African RepublicBaya 33%, Banda 27%, Mandjia 13%, Sara 10%, Mboum 7%, M'Baka 4%, Yakoma 4%, other 2%
Cubamulatto 51%, white 37%, black 11%, Chinese 1%
Cape VerdeCreole (mulatto) 71%, African 28%, European 1%
Cook IslandsPolynesian (full blood) 81.3%, Polynesian and European 7.7%, Polynesian and non-European 7.7%, European 2.4%, other 0.9%
CyprusGreek 77%, Turkish 18%, other 5% (2001)
DenmarkScandinavian, Inuit, Faroese, German, Turkish, Iranian, Somali
DjiboutiSomali 60%, Afar 35%, French, Arab, Ethiopian, and Italian 5%
Dominicablack, mixed black and European, European, Syrian, Carib Amerindian
Jarvis Island
Dominican Republicwhite 16%, black 11%, mixed 73%
Dhekelia
Ecuadormestizo (mixed Amerindian and white) 65%, Amerindian 25%, Spanish and others 7%, black 3%
European Union
EgyptEastern Hamitic stock (Egyptians, Bedouins, and Berbers) 99%, Greek, Nubian, Armenian, other European (primarily Italian and French) 1%
IrelandCeltic, English
Equatorial GuineaBioko (primarily Bubi, some Fernandinos), Rio Muni (primarily Fang), Europeans less than 1,000, mostly Spanish
EstoniaEstonian 65.3%, Russian 28.1%, Ukrainian 2.5%, Belarusian 1.5%, Finn 1%, other 1.6% (1998)
Eritreaethnic Tigrinya 50%, Tigre and Kunama 40%, Afar 4%, Saho (Red Sea coast dwellers) 3%, other 3%
El Salvadormestizo 90%, Amerindian 1%, white 9%
EthiopiaOromo 40%, Amhara and Tigre 32%, Sidamo 9%, Shankella 6%, Somali 6%, Afar 4%, Gurage 2%, other 1%
Europa Island
Czech RepublicCzech 81.2%, Moravian 13.2%, Slovak 3.1%, Polish 0.6%, German 0.5%, Silesian 0.4%, Roma 0.3%, Hungarian 0.2%, other 0.5% (1991)
French Guianablack or mulatto 66%, white 12%, East Indian, Chinese, Amerindian 12%, other 10%
FinlandFinn 93.4%, Swede 5.7%, Russian 0.4%, Estonian 0.2%, Roma 0.2%, Sami 0.1%
FijiFijian 51% (predominantly Melanesian with a Polynesian admixture), Indian 44%, European, other Pacific Islanders, overseas Chinese, and other 5% (1998 est.)
Falkland Islands (Islas Malvinas)British
Micronesia, Federated States ofnine ethnic Micronesian and Polynesian groups
Faroe IslandsScandinavian
French PolynesiaPolynesian 78%, Chinese 12%, local French 6%, metropolitan French 4%
Baker Island
FranceCeltic and Latin with Teutonic, Slavic, North African, Indochinese, Basque minorities
French Southern and Antarctic Lands
Gambia, TheAfrican 99% (Mandinka 42%, Fula 18%, Wolof 16%, Jola 10%, Serahuli 9%, other 4%), non-African 1%
GabonBantu tribes including four major tribal groupings (Fang, Bapounou, Nzebi, Obamba), other Africans and Europeans 154,000, including 10,700 French and 11,000 persons of dual nationality
GeorgiaGeorgian 70.1%, Armenian 8.1%, Russian 6.3%, Azeri 5.7%, Ossetian 3%, Abkhaz 1.8%, other 5%
Ghanablack African 98.5% (major tribes - Akan 44%, Moshi-Dagomba 16%, Ewe 13%, Ga 8%, Gurma 3%, Yoruba 1%), European and other 1.5% (1998)
GibraltarSpanish, Italian, English, Maltese, Portuguese, German, North Africans
Grenadablack 82%, mixed black and European 13%, European and East Indian 5% , and trace of Arawak/Carib Amerindian
GuernseyUK and Norman-French descent with small percentages from other European countries
GreenlandGreenlander 88% (Inuit and Greenland-born whites), Danish and others 12% (January 2000)
GermanyGerman 91.5%, Turkish 2.4%, other 6.1% (made up largely of Greek, Italian, Polish, Russian, Serbo-Croatian, Spanish)
Glorioso Islands
Guadeloupeblack or mulatto 90%, white 5%, East Indian, Lebanese, Chinese less than 5%
GuamChamorro 37%, Filipino 26%, white 10%, Chinese, Japanese, Korean, and other 27%
GreeceGreek 98%, other 2%
GuatemalaMestizo (mixed Amerindian-Spanish or assimilated Amerindian - in local Spanish called Ladino), approximately 55%, Amerindian or predominantly Amerindian, approximately 43%, whites and others 2%
GuineaPeuhl 40%, Malinke 30%, Soussou 20%, smaller ethnic groups 10%
GuyanaEast Indian 50%, black 36%, Amerindian 7%, white, Chinese, and mixed 7%
Gaza StripPalestinian Arab and other 99.4%, Jewish 0.6%
Haitiblack 95%, mulatto and white 5%
Hong KongChinese 95%, other 5%
Heard Island and McDonald Islands
Hondurasmestizo (mixed Amerindian and European) 90%, Amerindian 7%, black 2%, white 1%
Howland Island
CroatiaCroat 89.6%, Serb 4.5%, Bosniak 0.5%, Hungarian 0.4%, Slovene 0.3%, Czech 0.2%, Roma 0.2%, Albanian 0.1%, Montenegrin 0.1%, others 4.1% (2001)
HungaryHungarian 89.9%, Roma 4%, German 2.6%, Serb 2%, Slovak 0.8%, Romanian 0.7%
Icelandhomogeneous mixture of descendants of Norse and Celts 94%, population of foreign origin 6%
IndonesiaJavanese 45%, Sundanese 14%, Madurese 7.5%, coastal Malays 7.5%, other 26%
Man, Isle ofManx (Norse-Celtic descent), Briton
IndiaIndo-Aryan 72%, Dravidian 25%, Mongoloid and other 3% (2000)
British Indian Ocean Territory
Clipperton Island
IranPersian 51%, Azeri 24%, Gilaki and Mazandarani 8%, Kurd 7%, Arab 3%, Lur 2%, Baloch 2%, Turkmen 2%, other 1%
IsraelJewish 80.1% (Europe/America-born 32.1%, Israel-born 20.8%, Africa-born 14.6%, Asia-born 12.6%), non-Jewish 19.9% (mostly Arab) (1996 est.)
ItalyItalian (includes small clusters of German-, French-, and Slovene-Italians in the north and Albanian-Italians and Greek-Italians in the south)
Cote d'IvoireAkan 42.1%, Voltaiques or Gur 17.6%, Northern Mandes 16.5%, Krous 11%, Southern Mandes 10%, other 2.8% (includes 130,000 Lebanese and 14,000 French) (1998)
IraqArab 75%-80%, Kurdish 15%-20%, Turkoman, Assyrian or other 5%
JapanJapanese 99%, others 1% (Korean 511,262, Chinese 244,241, Brazilian 182,232, Filipino 89,851, other 237,914)
JerseyUK and Norman-French descent
Jamaicablack 90.9%, East Indian 1.3%, white 0.2%, Chinese 0.2%, mixed 7.3%, other 0.1%
Jan Mayen
JordanArab 98%, Circassian 1%, Armenian 1%
Johnston Atoll
Juan de Nova Island
KenyaKikuyu 22%, Luhya 14%, Luo 13%, Kalenjin 12%, Kamba 11%, Kisii 6%, Meru 6%, other African 15%, non-African (Asian, European, and Arab) 1%
KyrgyzstanKyrgyz 64.9%, Uzbek 13.8%, Russian 12.5%, Dungan 1.1%, Ukrainian 1%, Uygur 1%, other 5.7% (1999 census)
Korea, Northracially homogeneous; there is a small Chinese community and a few ethnic Japanese
Kingman Reef
Kiribatipredominantly Micronesian with some Polynesian
Korea, Southhomogeneous (except for about 20,000 Chinese)
Christmas IslandChinese 70%, European 20%, Malay 10%
KuwaitKuwaiti 45%, other Arab 35%, South Asian 9%, Iranian 4%, other 7%
KazakhstanKazakh (Qazaq) 53.4%, Russian 30%, Ukrainian 3.7%, Uzbek 2.5%, German 2.4%, Uygur 1.4%, other 6.6% (1999 census)
LaosLao Loum (lowland) 68%, Lao Theung (upland) 22%, Lao Soung (highland) including the Hmong and the Yao 9%, ethnic Vietnamese/Chinese 1%
LebanonArab 95%, Armenian 4%, other 1%
LatviaLatvian 57.7%, Russian 29.6%, Belarusian 4.1%, Ukrainian 2.7%, Polish 2.5%, Lithuanian 1.4%, other 2% (2002)
LithuaniaLithuanian 80.6%, Russian 8.7%, Polish 7%, Belarusian 1.6%, other 2.1%
Liberiaindigenous African tribes 95% (including Kpelle, Bassa, Gio, Kru, Grebo, Mano, Krahn, Gola, Gbandi, Loma, Kissi, Vai, Dei, Bella, Mandingo, and Mende), Americo-Liberians 2.5% (descendants of immigrants from the US who had been slaves), Congo People 2.5% (descendants of immigrants from the Caribbean who had been slaves)
SlovakiaSlovak 85.7%, Hungarian 10.6%, Roma 1.6% (the 1992 census figures underreport the Gypsy/Romany community, which is about 500,000), Czech, Moravian, Silesian 1.1%, Ruthenian and Ukrainian 0.6%, German 0.1%, Polish 0.1%, other 0.2% (1996)
Palmyra Atoll
LiechtensteinAlemannic 86%, Italian, Turkish, and other 14%
LesothoSotho 99.7%, Europeans, Asians, and other 0.3%,
LuxembourgCeltic base (with French and German blend), Portuguese, Italian, Slavs (from Montenegro, Albania, and Kosovo) and European (guest and resident workers)
LibyaBerber and Arab 97%, Greeks, Maltese, Italians, Egyptians, Pakistanis, Turks, Indians, Tunisians
MadagascarMalayo-Indonesian (Merina and related Betsileo), Cotiers (mixed African, Malayo-Indonesian, and Arab ancestry - Betsimisaraka, Tsimihety, Antaisaka, Sakalava), French, Indian, Creole, Comoran
MartiniqueAfrican and African-white-Indian mixture 90%, white 5%, East Indian, Chinese less than 5%
MacauChinese 95%, Macanese (mixed Portuguese and Asian ancestry), Portuguese, other
MoldovaMoldovan/Romanian 64.5%, Ukrainian 13.8%, Russian 13%, Jewish 1.5%, Bulgarian 2%, Gagauz and other 5.2% (1989 est.)
Mayotte
MongoliaMongol (mostly Khalkha) 94.9%, Turkic (mostly Kazakh) 5%, other (including Chinese and Russian) 0.1% (2000)
Montserratblack, white
MalawiChewa, Nyanja, Tumbuka, Yao, Lomwe, Sena, Tonga, Ngoni, Ngonde, Asian, European
MacedoniaMacedonian 64.2%, Albanian 25.2%, Turkish 3.8%, Roma 2.7%, Serb 1.8%, other 2.3% (2002)
MaliMande 50% (Bambara, Malinke, Soninke), Peul 17%, Voltaic 12%, Songhai 6%, Tuareg and Moor 10%, other 5%
MonacoFrench 47%, Monegasque 16%, Italian 16%, other 21%
MoroccoArab-Berber 99.1%, other 0.7%, Jewish 0.2%
MauritiusIndo-Mauritian 68%, Creole 27%, Sino-Mauritian 3%, Franco-Mauritian 2%
Midway Islands
Mauritaniamixed Maur/black 40%, Moor 30%, black 30%
MaltaMaltese (descendants of ancient Carthaginians and Phoenicians, with strong elements of Italian and other Mediterranean stock)
OmanArab, Baluchi, South Asian (Indian, Pakistani, Sri Lankan, Bangladeshi), African
MaldivesSouth Indians, Sinhalese, Arabs
Mexicomestizo (Amerindian-Spanish) 60%, Amerindian or predominantly Amerindian 30%, white 9%, other 1%
MalaysiaMalay and other indigenous 58%, Chinese 24%, Indian 8%, others 10% (2000)
Mozambiqueindigenous tribal groups 99.66% (Makhuwa, Tsonga, Lomwe, Sena, and others), Europeans 0.06%, Euro-Africans 0.2%, Indians 0.08%
New CaledoniaMelanesian 42.5%, European 37.1%, Wallisian 8.4%, Polynesian 3.8%, Indonesian 3.6%, Vietnamese 1.6%, other 3%
NiuePolynesian (with some 200 Europeans, Samoans, and Tongans)
Norfolk Islanddescendants of the Bounty mutineers, Australian, New Zealander, Polynesians
NigerHausa 56%, Djerma 22%, Fula 8.5%, Tuareg 8%, Beri Beri (Kanouri) 4.3%, Arab, Toubou, and Gourmantche 1.2%, about 1,200 French expatriates
Vanuatuindigenous Melanesian 98%, French, Vietnamese, Chinese, other Pacific Islanders
NigeriaNigeria, which is Africa's most populous country, is composed of more than 250 ethnic groups; the following are the most populous and politically influential: Hausa and Fulani 29%, Yoruba 21%, Igbo (Ibo) 18%, Ijaw 10%, Kanuri 4%, Ibibio 3.5%, Tiv 2.5%
NetherlandsDutch 83%, other 17% (of which 9% are non-Western origin mainly Turks, Moroccans, Antilleans, Surinamese and Indonesians) (1999 est.)
NorwayNorwegian, Sami 20,000
NepalBrahman, Chetri, Newar, Gurung, Magar, Tamang, Rai, Limbu, Sherpa, Tharu, and others (1995)
NauruNauruan 58%, other Pacific Islander 26%, Chinese 8%, European 8%
SurinameHindustani (also known locally as "East Indians"; their ancestors emigrated from northern India in the latter part of the 19th century) 37%, Creole (mixed white and black) 31%, Javanese 15%, "Maroons" (their African ancestors were brought to the country in the 17th and 18th centuries as slaves and escaped to the interior) 10%, Amerindian 2%, Chinese 2%, white 1%, other 2%
Netherlands Antillesmixed black 85%, Carib Amerindian, white, East Asian
Nicaraguamestizo (mixed Amerindian and white) 69%, white 17%, black 9%, Amerindian 5%
New ZealandNew Zealand European 74.5%, Maori 9.7%, other European 4.6%, Pacific Islander 3.8%, Asian and others 7.4%
Southern Ocean
Paraguaymestizo (mixed Spanish and Amerindian) 95%
Pitcairn Islandsdescendants of the Bounty mutineers and their Tahitian wives
PeruAmerindian 45%, mestizo (mixed Amerindian and white) 37%, white 15%, black, Japanese, Chinese, and other 3%
Paracel Islands
Spratly Islands
PakistanPunjabi, Sindhi, Pashtun (Pathan), Baloch, Muhajir (immigrants from India at the time of partition and their descendants)
PolandPolish 96.7%, German 0.4%, Belarusian 0.1%, Ukrainian 0.1%, other 2.7% (2002)
Panamamestizo (mixed Amerindian and white) 70%, Amerindian and mixed (West Indian) 14%, white 10%, Amerindian 6%
Portugalhomogeneous Mediterranean stock; citizens of black African descent who immigrated to mainland during decolonization number less than 100,000; since 1990 East Europeans have entered Portugal
Papua New GuineaMelanesian, Papuan, Negrito, Micronesian, Polynesian
PalauPalauan (Micronesian with Malayan and Melanesian admixtures) 70%, Asian (mainly Filipinos, followed by Chinese, Taiwanese, and Vietnamese) 28%, white 2% (2000 est.)
Guinea-BissauAfrican 99% (Balanta 30%, Fula 20%, Manjaca 14%, Mandinga 13%, Papel 7%), European and mulatto less than 1%
QatarArab 40%, Pakistani 18%, Indian 18%, Iranian 10%, other 14%
ReunionFrench, African, Malagasy, Chinese, Pakistani, Indian
Marshall IslandsMicronesian
RomaniaRomanian 89.5%, Hungarian 6.6%, Roma 2.5%, Ukrainian 0.3%, German 0.3%, Russian 0.2%, Turkish 0.2%, other 0.4% (2002)
PhilippinesChristian Malay 91.5%, Muslim Malay 4%, Chinese 1.5%, other 3%
Puerto Ricowhite (mostly Spanish origin) 80.5%, black 8%, Amerindian 0.4%, Asian 0.2%, mixed and other 10.9%
RussiaRussian 81.5%, Tatar 3.8%, Ukrainian 3%, Chuvash 1.2%, Bashkir 0.9%, Belarusian 0.8%, Moldavian 0.7%, other 8.1% (1989)
RwandaHutu 84%, Tutsi 15%, Twa (Pygmoid) 1%
Saudi ArabiaArab 90%, Afro-Asian 10%
Saint Pierre and MiquelonBasques and Bretons (French fishermen)
Saint Kitts and Nevispredominantly black; some British, Portuguese, and Lebanese
Seychellesmixed French, African, Indian, Chinese, and Arab
South Africablack 75.2%, white 13.6%, Colored 8.6%, Indian 2.6%
SenegalWolof 43.3%, Pular 23.8%, Serer 14.7%, Jola 3.7%, Mandinka 3%, Soninke 1.1%, European and Lebanese 1%, other 9.4%
Saint HelenaAfrican descent 50%, white 25%, Chinese 25%
SloveniaSlovene 92%, Croat 1%, Serb 0.5%, Hungarian 0.4%, Bosniak 0.3%, other 5.8% (1991)
Sierra Leone20 native African tribes 90% (Temne 30%, Mende 30%, other 30%), Creole (Krio) 10% (descendants of freed Jamaican slaves who were settled in the Freetown area in the late-18th century), refugees from Liberia's recent civil war, small numbers of Europeans, Lebanese, Pakistanis, and Indians
San MarinoSammarinese, Italian
SingaporeChinese 76.7%, Malay 14%, Indian 7.9%, other 1.4%
SomaliaSomali 85%, Bantu and other non-Somali 15% (including Arabs 30,000)
Spaincomposite of Mediterranean and Nordic types
Saint Luciablack 90%, mixed 6%, East Indian 3%, white 1%
Sudanblack 52%, Arab 39%, Beja 6%, foreigners 2%, other 1%
SvalbardNorwegian 55.4%, Russian and Ukrainian 44.3%, other 0.3% (1998)
Swedenindigenous population: Swedes and Finnish and Sami minorities; foreign-born or first-generation immigrants: Finns, Yugoslavs, Danes, Norwegians, Greeks, Turks
South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands
SyriaArab 90.3%, Kurds, Armenians, and other 9.7%
SwitzerlandGerman 65%, French 18%, Italian 10%, Romansch 1%, other 6%
Trinidad and TobagoEast Indian (a local term - primarily immigrants from northern India) 40.3%, black 39.5%, mixed 18.4%, white 0.6%, Chinese and other 1.2%
Tromelin Island
ThailandThai 75%, Chinese 14%, other 11%
TajikistanTajik 64.9%, Uzbek 25%, Russian 3.5% (declining because of emigration), other 6.6%
Turks and Caicos Islandsblack 90%, mixed, European, or North American 10%
TokelauPolynesian
TongaPolynesian, Europeans about 300
Togonative African (37 tribes; largest and most important are Ewe, Mina, and Kabre) 99%, European and Syrian-Lebanese less than 1%
Sao Tome and Principemestico, angolares (descendants of Angolan slaves), forros (descendants of freed slaves), servicais (contract laborers from Angola, Mozambique, and Cape Verde), tongas (children of servicais born on the islands), Europeans (primarily Portuguese)
TunisiaArab 98%, European 1%, Jewish and other 1%
East TimorAustronesian (Malayo-Polynesian), Papuan, small Chinese minority
TurkeyTurkish 80%, Kurdish 20% (estimated)
TuvaluPolynesian 96%, Micronesian 4%
TaiwanTaiwanese (including Hakka) 84%, mainland Chinese 14%, aborigine 2%
TurkmenistanTurkmen 85%, Uzbek 5%, Russian 4%, other 6% (2003)
Tanzaniamainland - native African 99% (of which 95% are Bantu consisting of more than 130 tribes), other 1% (consisting of Asian, European, and Arab); Zanzibar - Arab, native African, mixed Arab and native African
UgandaBaganda 17%, Ankole 8%, Basoga 8%, Iteso 8%, Bakiga 7%, Langi 6%, Rwanda 6%, Bagisu 5%, Acholi 4%, Lugbara 4%, Batoro 3%, Bunyoro 3%, Alur 2%, Bagwere 2%, Bakonjo 2%, Jopodhola 2%, Karamojong 2%, Rundi 2%, non-African (European, Asian, Arab) 1%, other 8%
United KingdomEnglish 81.5%, Scottish 9.6%, Irish 2.4%, Welsh 1.9%, Ulster 1.8%, West Indian, Indian, Pakistani, and other 2.8%
UkraineUkrainian 77.8%, Russian 17.3%, Belarusian 0.6%, Moldovan 0.5%, Crimean Tatar 0.5%, Bulgarian 0.4%, Hungarian 0.3%, Romanian 0.3%, Polish 0.3%, Jewish 0.2%, other 1.8% (2001)
United Stateswhite 77.1%, black 12.9%, Asian 4.2%, Amerindian and Alaska native 1.5%, native Hawaiian and other Pacific islander 0.3%, other 4% (2000)
Burkina FasoMossi over 40%, Gurunsi, Senufo, Lobi, Bobo, Mande, Fulani
Uruguaywhite 88%, mestizo 8%, black 4%, Amerindian, practically nonexistent
UzbekistanUzbek 80%, Russian 5.5%, Tajik 5%, Kazakh 3%, Karakalpak 2.5%, Tatar 1.5%, other 2.5% (1996 est.)
Saint Vincent and the Grenadinesblack 66%, mixed 19%, East Indian 6%, Carib Amerindian 2%, other 7%
VenezuelaSpanish, Italian, Portuguese, Arab, German, African, indigenous people
British Virgin Islandsblack 83%, white, Indian, Asian and mixed
VietnamVietnamese 85%-90%, Chinese, Hmong, Thai, Khmer, Cham, mountain groups
Virgin Islandsblack 78%, white 10%, other 12%
Holy See (Vatican City)Italians, Swiss, other
Namibiablack 87.5%, white 6%, mixed 6.5%
West BankPalestinian Arab and other 83%, Jewish 17%
Wallis and FutunaPolynesian
Western SaharaArab, Berber
Wake Island
SamoaSamoan 92.6%, Euronesians 7% (persons of European and Polynesian blood), Europeans 0.4%
SwazilandAfrican 97%, European 3%
Indian Ocean
Arctic Ocean
World
Serbia and MontenegroSerb 62.6%, Albanian 16.5%, Montenegrin 5%, Hungarian 3.3%, other 12.6% (1991)
Yemenpredominantly Arab; but also Afro-Arab, South Asians, Europeans
ZambiaAfrican 98.7%, European 1.1%, other 0.2%
Atlantic Ocean
ZimbabweAfrican 98% (Shona 82%, Ndebele 14%, other 2%), mixed and Asian 1%, white less than 1%
Pacific Ocean
Arubamixed white/Caribbean Amerindian 80%
Antigua and Barbudablack, British, Portuguese, Lebanese, Syrian
AfghanistanPashtun 44%, Tajik 25%, Hazara 10%, minor ethnic groups (Aimaks, Turkmen, Baloch, and others) 13%, Uzbek 8%
AlgeriaArab-Berber 99%, European less than 1%
AzerbaijanAzeri 90%, Dagestani 3.2%, Russian 2.5%, Armenian 2%, other 2.3% (1998 est.)
AlbaniaAlbanian 95%, Greek 3%, other 2% (Vlach, Gypsy, Serb, and Bulgarian) (1989 est.)
ArmeniaArmenian 93%, Azeri 1%, Russian 2%, other (mostly Yezidi Kurds) 4% (2002)
AndorraSpanish 43%, Andorran 33%, Portuguese 11%, French 7%, other 6% (1998)
AngolaOvimbundu 37%, Kimbundu 25%, Bakongo 13%, mestico (mixed European and Native African) 2%, European 1%, other 22%
American SamoaSamoan (Polynesian) 89%, Caucasian 2%, Tongan 4%, other 5%
Argentinawhite (mostly Spanish and Italian) 97%, mestizo, Amerindian, or other nonwhite groups 3%
AustraliaCaucasian 92%, Asian 7%, aboriginal and other 1%
Ashmore and Cartier Islands
AustriaGerman 88%, non-nationals 9.3% (includes Croatians, Slovenes, Hungarians, Czechs, Slovaks, Roma), naturalized 2% (includes those who have lived in Austria at least three generations)
Anguillablack (predominant), mulatto, white
Antarctica
BahrainBahraini 63%, Asian 19%, other Arab 10%, Iranian 8%
Barbadosblack 90%, white 4%, Asian and mixed 6%
BotswanaTswana (or Setswana) 79%, Kalanga 11%, Basarwa 3%, other, including Kgalagadi and white 7%
Bermudablack 58%, white 36%, other 6%
BelgiumFleming 58%, Walloon 31%, mixed or other 11%
Bahamas, Theblack 85%, white 12%, Asian and Hispanic 3%
BangladeshBengali 98%, tribal groups, non-Bengali Muslims (1998)
Belizemestizo 48.7%, Creole 24.9%, Maya 10.6%, Garifuna 6.1%, other 9.7%
Bosnia and HerzegovinaSerb 37.1%, Bosniak 48%, Croat 14.3%, other 0.6% (2000)
BoliviaQuechua 30%, mestizo (mixed white and Amerindian ancestry) 30%, Aymara 25%, white 15%
BurmaBurman 68%, Shan 9%, Karen 7%, Rakhine 4%, Chinese 3%, Indian 2%, Mon 2%, other 5%
BeninAfrican 99% (42 ethnic groups, most important being Fon, Adja, Yoruba, Bariba), Europeans 5,500
BelarusBelarusian 81.2%, Russian 11.4%, Polish, Ukrainian, and other 7.4%
Solomon IslandsMelanesian 93%, Polynesian 4%, Micronesian 1.5%, European 0.8%, Chinese 0.3%, other 0.4%
Navassa Island
Brazilwhite (includes Portuguese, German, Italian, Spanish, Polish) 55%, mixed white and black 38%, black 6%, other (includes Japanese, Arab, Amerindian) 1%
Bassas da India
BhutanBhote 50%, ethnic Nepalese 35% (includes Lhotsampas--one of several Nepalese ethnic groups), indigenous or migrant tribes 15%
BulgariaBulgarian 83.6%, Turk 9.5%, Roma 4.6%, other 2.3% (including Macedonian, Armenian, Tatar, Circassian) (1998)
Bouvet Island
BruneiMalay 67%, Chinese 15%, indigenous 6%, other 12%
BurundiHutu (Bantu) 85%, Tutsi (Hamitic) 14%, Twa (Pygmy) 1%, Europeans 3,000, South Asians 2,000
CanadaBritish Isles origin 28%, French origin 23%, other European 15%, Amerindian 2%, other, mostly Asian, African, Arab 6%, mixed background 26%
CambodiaKhmer 90%, Vietnamese 5%, Chinese 1%, other 4%
Chad200 distinct groups; in the north and center: Arabs, Gorane (Toubou, Daza, Kreda), Zaghawa, Kanembou, Ouaddai, Baguirmi, Hadjerai, Fulbe, Kotoko, Hausa, Boulala, and Maba, most of whom are Muslim; in the south: Sara (Ngambaye, Mbaye, Goulaye), Moundang, Moussei, Massa, most of whom are Christian or animist; about 1,000 French citizens live in Chad
Sri LankaSinhalese 74%, Tamil 18%, Moor 7%, Burgher, Malay, and Vedda 1%
Congo, Republic of theKongo 48%, Sangha 20%, M'Bochi 12%, Teke 17%, Europeans and other 3%
Congo, Democratic Republic of theover 200 African ethnic groups of which the majority are Bantu; the four largest tribes - Mongo, Luba, Kongo (all Bantu), and the Mangbetu-Azande (Hamitic) make up about 45% of the population
ChinaHan Chinese 91.9%, Zhuang, Uygur, Hui, Yi, Tibetan, Miao, Manchu, Mongol, Buyi, Korean, and other nationalities 8.1%
Chilewhite and white-Amerindian 95%, Amerindian 3%, other 2%
Cayman Islandsmixed 40%, white 20%, black 20%, expatriates of various ethnic groups 20%
Cocos (Keeling) IslandsEuropeans, Cocos Malays
CameroonCameroon Highlanders 31%, Equatorial Bantu 19%, Kirdi 11%, Fulani 10%, Northwestern Bantu 8%, Eastern Nigritic 7%, other African 13%, non-African less than 1%
ComorosAntalote, Cafre, Makoa, Oimatsaha, Sakalava
Colombiamestizo 58%, white 20%, mulatto 14%, black 4%, mixed black-Amerindian 3%, Amerindian 1%
Northern Mariana IslandsChamorro, Carolinians and other Micronesians, Caucasian, Japanese, Chinese, Filipino, Korean
Coral Sea Islands
Costa Ricawhite (including mestizo) 94%, black 3%, Amerindian 1%, Chinese 1%, other 1%
Central African RepublicBaya 33%, Banda 27%, Mandjia 13%, Sara 10%, Mboum 7%, M'Baka 4%, Yakoma 4%, other 2%
Cubamulatto 51%, white 37%, black 11%, Chinese 1%
Cape VerdeCreole (mulatto) 71%, African 28%, European 1%
Cook IslandsPolynesian (full blood) 81.3%, Polynesian and European 7.7%, Polynesian and non-European 7.7%, European 2.4%, other 0.9%
CyprusGreek 85.2%, Turkish 11.6%, other 3.2% (2000)
DenmarkScandinavian, Inuit, Faroese, German, Turkish, Iranian, Somali
DjiboutiSomali 60%, Afar 35%, French, Arab, Ethiopian, and Italian 5%
Dominicablack, mixed black and European, European, Syrian, Carib Amerindian
Jarvis Island
Dominican Republicwhite 16%, black 11%, mixed 73%
Ecuadormestizo (mixed Amerindian and white) 65%, Amerindian 25%, Spanish and others 7%, black 3%
EgyptEastern Hamitic stock (Egyptians, Bedouins, and Berbers) 99%, Greek, Nubian, Armenian, other European (primarily Italian and French) 1%
IrelandCeltic, English
Equatorial GuineaBioko (primarily Bubi, some Fernandinos), Rio Muni (primarily Fang), Europeans less than 1,000, mostly Spanish
EstoniaEstonian 65.3%, Russian 28.1%, Ukrainian 2.5%, Belarusian 1.5%, Finn 1%, other 1.6% (1998)
Eritreaethnic Tigrinya 50%, Tigre and Kunama 40%, Afar 4%, Saho (Red Sea coast dwellers) 3%, other 3%
El Salvadormestizo 90%, Amerindian 1%, white 9%
EthiopiaOromo 40%, Amhara and Tigre 32%, Sidamo 9%, Shankella 6%, Somali 6%, Afar 4%, Gurage 2%, other 1%
Europa Island
Czech RepublicCzech 81.2%, Moravian 13.2%, Slovak 3.1%, Polish 0.6%, German 0.5%, Silesian 0.4%, Roma 0.3%, Hungarian 0.2%, other 0.5% (1991)
French Guianablack or mulatto 66%, white 12%, East Indian, Chinese, Amerindian 12%, other 10%
FinlandFinn 93%, Swede 6%, Sami 0.11%, Roma 0.12%, Tatar 0.02%
FijiFijian 51% (predominantly Melanesian with a Polynesian admixture), Indian 44%, European, other Pacific Islanders, overseas Chinese, and other 5% (1998 est.)
Falkland Islands (Islas Malvinas)British
Micronesia, Federated States ofnine ethnic Micronesian and Polynesian groups
Faroe IslandsScandinavian
French PolynesiaPolynesian 78%, Chinese 12%, local French 6%, metropolitan French 4%
Baker Island
FranceCeltic and Latin with Teutonic, Slavic, North African, Indochinese, Basque minorities
French Southern and Antarctic Lands
Gambia, TheAfrican 99% (Mandinka 42%, Fula 18%, Wolof 16%, Jola 10%, Serahuli 9%, other 4%), non-African 1%
GabonBantu tribes including four major tribal groupings (Fang, Bapounou, Nzebi, Obamba), other Africans and Europeans 154,000, including 10,700 French and 11,000 persons of dual nationality
GeorgiaGeorgian 70.1%, Armenian 8.1%, Russian 6.3%, Azeri 5.7%, Ossetian 3%, Abkhaz 1.8%, other 5%
Ghanablack African 98.5% (major tribes - Akan 44%, Moshi-Dagomba 16%, Ewe 13%, Ga 8%, Gurma 3%, Yoruba 1%), European and other 1.5% (1998)
GibraltarSpanish, Italian, English, Maltese, Portuguese
Grenadablack 82%, mixed black and European 13%, European and East Indian 5% , and trace of Arawak/Carib Amerindian
GuernseyUK and Norman-French descent
GreenlandGreenlander 88% (Inuit and Greenland-born whites), Danish and others 12% (January 2000)
GermanyGerman 91.5%, Turkish 2.4%, other 6.1% (made up largely of Serbo-Croatian, Italian, Russian, Greek, Polish, Spanish)
Glorioso Islands
Guadeloupeblack or mulatto 90%, white 5%, East Indian, Lebanese, Chinese less than 5%
GuamChamorro 37%, Filipino 26%, white 10%, Chinese, Japanese, Korean, and other 27%
GreeceGreek 98%, other 2%
GuatemalaMestizo (mixed Amerindian-Spanish or assimilated Amerindian - in local Spanish called Ladino), approximately 55%, Amerindian or predominantly Amerindian, approximately 43%, whites and others 2%
GuineaPeuhl 40%, Malinke 30%, Soussou 20%, smaller ethnic groups 10%
GuyanaEast Indian 50%, black 36%, Amerindian 7%, white, Chinese, and mixed 7%
Gaza StripPalestinian Arab and other 99.4%, Jewish 0.6%
Haitiblack 95%, mulatto and white 5%
Hong KongChinese 95%, other 5%
Heard Island and McDonald Islands
Hondurasmestizo (mixed Amerindian and European) 90%, Amerindian 7%, black 2%, white 1%
Howland Island
CroatiaCroat 89.6%, Serb 4.5%, Bosniak 0.5%, Hungarian 0.4%, Slovene 0.3%, Czech 0.2%, Roma 0.2%, Albanian 0.1%, Montenegrin 0.1%, others 4.1% (2001)
HungaryHungarian 89.9%, Roma 4%, German 2.6%, Serb 2%, Slovak 0.8%, Romanian 0.7%
Icelandhomogeneous mixture of descendants of Norse and Celts 94%, population of foreign origin 6%
IndonesiaJavanese 45%, Sundanese 14%, Madurese 7.5%, coastal Malays 7.5%, other 26%
Man, Isle ofManx (Norse-Celtic descent), Briton
IndiaIndo-Aryan 72%, Dravidian 25%, Mongoloid and other 3% (2000)
British Indian Ocean Territory
Clipperton Island
IranPersian 51%, Azeri 24%, Gilaki and Mazandarani 8%, Kurd 7%, Arab 3%, Lur 2%, Baloch 2%, Turkmen 2%, other 1%
IsraelJewish 80.1% (Europe/America-born 32.1%, Israel-born 20.8%, Africa-born 14.6%, Asia-born 12.6%), non-Jewish 19.9% (mostly Arab) (1996 est.)
ItalyItalian (includes small clusters of German-, French-, and Slovene-Italians in the north and Albanian-Italians and Greek-Italians in the south)
Cote d'IvoireAkan 42.1%, Voltaiques or Gur 17.6%, Northern Mandes 16.5%, Krous 11%, Southern Mandes 10%, other 2.8% (includes 130,000 Lebanese and 20,000 French) (1998)
IraqArab 75%-80%, Kurdish 15%-20%, Turkoman, Assyrian or other 5%
JapanJapanese 99%, others 1% (Korean 511,262, Chinese 244,241, Brazilian 182,232, Filipino 89,851, other 237,914) (2000)
JerseyUK and Norman-French descent
Jamaicablack 90.9%, East Indian 1.3%, white 0.2%, Chinese 0.2%, mixed 7.3%, other 0.1%
Jan Mayen
JordanArab 98%, Circassian 1%, Armenian 1%
Johnston Atoll
Juan de Nova Island
KenyaKikuyu 22%, Luhya 14%, Luo 13%, Kalenjin 12%, Kamba 11%, Kisii 6%, Meru 6%, other African 15%, non-African (Asian, European, and Arab) 1%
KyrgyzstanKyrgyz 52.4%, Russian 18%, Uzbek 12.9%, Ukrainian 2.5%, German 2.4%, other 11.8%
Korea, Northracially homogeneous; there is a small Chinese community and a few ethnic Japanese
Kingman Reef
Kiribatipredominantly Micronesian with some Polynesian
Korea, Southhomogeneous (except for about 20,000 Chinese)
Christmas IslandChinese 70%, European 20%, Malay 10%
KuwaitKuwaiti 45%, other Arab 35%, South Asian 9%, Iranian 4%, other 7%
KazakhstanKazakh (Qazaq) 53.4%, Russian 30%, Ukrainian 3.7%, Uzbek 2.5%, German 2.4%, Uighur 1.4%, other 6.6% (1999 census)
LaosLao Loum (lowland) 68%, Lao Theung (upland) 22%, Lao Soung (highland) including the Hmong ("Meo") and the Yao (Mien) 9%, ethnic Vietnamese/Chinese 1%
LebanonArab 95%, Armenian 4%, other 1%
LatviaLatvian 57.7%, Russian 29.6%, Belarusian 4.1%, Ukrainian 2.7%, Polish 2.5%, Lithuanian 1.4%, other 2%
LithuaniaLithuanian 80.6%, Russian 8.7%, Polish 7%, Belarusian 1.6%, other 2.1%
Liberiaindigenous African tribes 95% (including Kpelle, Bassa, Gio, Kru, Grebo, Mano, Krahn, Gola, Gbandi, Loma, Kissi, Vai, Dei, Bella, Mandingo, and Mende), Americo-Liberians 2.5% (descendants of immigrants from the US who had been slaves), Congo People 2.5% (descendants of immigrants from the Caribbean who had been slaves)
SlovakiaSlovak 85.7%, Hungarian 10.6%, Roma 1.6% (the 1992 census figures underreport the Gypsy/Romany community, which is about 500,000), Czech, Moravian, Silesian 1.1%, Ruthenian and Ukrainian 0.6%, German 0.1%, Polish 0.1%, other 0.2% (1996)
Palmyra Atoll
LiechtensteinAlemannic 86%, Italian, Turkish, and other 14%
LesothoSotho 99.7%, Europeans, Asians, and other 0.3%,
LuxembourgCeltic base (with French and German blend), Portuguese, Italian, Slavs (from Montenegro, Albania, and Kososvo) and European (guest and resident workers)
LibyaBerber and Arab 97%, Greeks, Maltese, Italians, Egyptians, Pakistanis, Turks, Indians, Tunisians
MadagascarMalayo-Indonesian (Merina and related Betsileo), Cotiers (mixed African, Malayo-Indonesian, and Arab ancestry - Betsimisaraka, Tsimihety, Antaisaka, Sakalava), French, Indian, Creole, Comoran
MartiniqueAfrican and African-white-Indian mixture 90%, white 5%, East Indian, Chinese less than 5%
MacauChinese 95%, Macanese (mixed Portuguese and Asian ancestry), Portuguese, other
MoldovaMoldovan/Romanian 64.5%, Ukrainian 13.8%, Russian 13%, Jewish 1.5%, Bulgarian 2%, Gagauz and other 5.2% (1989 est.)
Mayotte
MongoliaMongol (predominantly Khalkha) 85%, Turkic (of which Kazakh is the largest group) 7%, Tungusic 4.6%, other (including Chinese and Russian) 3.4% (1998)
Montserratblack, white
MalawiChewa, Nyanja, Tumbuka, Yao, Lomwe, Sena, Tonga, Ngoni, Ngonde, Asian, European
Macedonia, The Former Yugoslav Republic ofMacedonian 64.2%, Albanian 25.2%, Turkish 3.8%, Roma 2.7%, Serb 1.8%, other 2.3% (1994)
MaliMande 50% (Bambara, Malinke, Soninke), Peul 17%, Voltaic 12%, Songhai 6%, Tuareg and Moor 10%, other 5%
MonacoFrench 47%, Monegasque 16%, Italian 16%, other 21%
MoroccoArab-Berber 99.1%, other 0.7%, Jewish 0.2%
MauritiusIndo-Mauritian 68%, Creole 27%, Sino-Mauritian 3%, Franco-Mauritian 2%
Midway Islands
Mauritaniamixed Maur/black 40%, Maur 30%, black 30%
MaltaMaltese (descendants of ancient Carthaginians and Phoenicians, with strong elements of Italian and other Mediterranean stock)
OmanArab, Baluchi, South Asian (Indian, Pakistani, Sri Lankan, Bangladeshi), African
MaldivesSouth Indians, Sinhalese, Arabs
Mexicomestizo (Amerindian-Spanish) 60%, Amerindian or predominantly Amerindian 30%, white 9%, other 1%
MalaysiaMalay and other indigenous 58%, Chinese 24%, Indian 8%, others 10% (2000)
Mozambiqueindigenous tribal groups 99.66% (Shangaan, Chokwe, Manyika, Sena, Makua, and others), Europeans 0.06%, Euro-Africans 0.2%, Indians 0.08%
New CaledoniaMelanesian 42.5%, European 37.1%, Wallisian 8.4%, Polynesian 3.8%, Indonesian 3.6%, Vietnamese 1.6%, other 3%
NiuePolynesian (with some 200 Europeans, Samoans, and Tongans)
Norfolk Islanddescendants of the Bounty mutineers, Australian, New Zealander, Polynesians
NigerHausa 56%, Djerma 22%, Fula 8.5%, Tuareg 8%, Beri Beri (Kanouri) 4.3%, Arab, Toubou, and Gourmantche 1.2%, about 1,200 French expatriates
Vanuatuindigenous Melanesian 98%, French, Vietnamese, Chinese, other Pacific Islanders
NigeriaNigeria, which is Africa's most populous country, is composed of more than 250 ethnic groups; the following are the most populous and politically influential: Hausa and Fulani 29%, Yoruba 21%, Igbo (Ibo) 18%, Ijaw 10%, Kanuri 4%, Ibibio 3.5%, Tiv 2.5%
NetherlandsDutch 83%, other 17% (of which 9% are non-western origin mainly Turks, Moroccans, Antilleans, Surinamese and Indonesians) (1999 est.)
NorwayNorwegian, Sami 20,000
NepalBrahman, Chetri, Newar, Gurung, Magar, Tamang, Rai, Limbu, Sherpa, Tharu, and others (1995)
NauruNauruan 58%, other Pacific Islander 26%, Chinese 8%, European 8%
SurinameHindustani (also known locally as "East Indians"; their ancestors emigrated from northern India in the latter part of the 19th century) 37%, Creole (mixed white and black) 31%, Javanese 15%, "Maroons" (their African ancestors were brought to the country in the 17th and 18th centuries as slaves and escaped to the interior) 10%, Amerindian 2%, Chinese 2%, white 1%, other 2%
Netherlands Antillesmixed black 85%, Carib Amerindian, white, East Asian
Nicaraguamestizo (mixed Amerindian and white) 69%, white 17%, black 9%, Amerindian 5%
New ZealandNew Zealand European 74.5%, Maori 9.7%, other European 4.6%, Pacific Islander 3.8%, Asian and others 7.4%
Southern Ocean
Paraguaymestizo (mixed Spanish and Amerindian) 95%
Pitcairn Islandsdescendants of the Bounty mutineers and their Tahitian wives
PeruAmerindian 45%, mestizo (mixed Amerindian and white) 37%, white 15%, black, Japanese, Chinese, and other 3%
Paracel Islands
Spratly Islands
PakistanPunjabi, Sindhi, Pashtun (Pathan), Baloch, Muhajir (immigrants from India at the time of partition and their descendants)
PolandPolish 97.6%, German 1.3%, Ukrainian 0.6%, Belarusian 0.5% (1990 est.)
Panamamestizo (mixed Amerindian and white) 70%, Amerindian and mixed (West Indian) 14%, white 10%, Amerindian 6%
Portugalhomogeneous Mediterranean stock; citizens of black African descent who immigrated to mainland during decolonization number less than 100,000; since 1990 East Europeans have entered Portugal
Papua New GuineaMelanesian, Papuan, Negrito, Micronesian, Polynesian
PalauPalauan (Micronesian with Malayan and Melanesian admixtures) 70%, Asian (mainly Filipinos, followed by Chinese, Taiwanese, and Vietnamese) 28%, white 2% (2000 est.)
Guinea-BissauAfrican 99% (Balanta 30%, Fula 20%, Manjaca 14%, Mandinga 13%, Papel 7%), European and mulatto less than 1%
QatarArab 40%, Pakistani 18%, Indian 18%, Iranian 10%, other 14%
ReunionFrench, African, Malagasy, Chinese, Pakistani, Indian
Marshall IslandsMicronesian
RomaniaRomanian 89.5%, Hungarian 6.6%, Roma 2.5%, Ukrainian 0.3%, German 0.3%, Russian 0.2%, Turkish 0.2%, other 0.4% (2002)
PhilippinesChristian Malay 91.5%, Muslim Malay 4%, Chinese 1.5%, other 3%
Puerto Ricowhite (mostly Spanish origin) 80.5%, black 8%, Amerindian 0.4%, Asian 0.2%, mixed and other 10.9%
RussiaRussian 81.5%, Tatar 3.8%, Ukrainian 3%, Chuvash 1.2%, Bashkir 0.9%, Belarusian 0.8%, Moldavian 0.7%, other 8.1% (1989)
RwandaHutu 84%, Tutsi 15%, Twa (Pygmoid) 1%
Saudi ArabiaArab 90%, Afro-Asian 10%
Saint Pierre and MiquelonBasques and Bretons (French fishermen)
Saint Kitts and Nevispredominantly black; some British, Portuguese, and Lebanese
Seychellesmixed French, African, Indian, Chinese, and Arab
South Africablack 75.2%, white 13.6%, Colored 8.6%, Indian 2.6%
SenegalWolof 43.3%, Pular 23.8%, Serer 14.7%, Jola 3.7%, Mandinka 3%, Soninke 1.1%, European and Lebanese 1%, other 9.4%
Saint HelenaAfrican descent 50%, white 25%, Chinese 25%
SloveniaSlovene 88%, Croat 3%, Serb 2%, Bosniak 1%, Yugoslav 0.6%, Hungarian 0.4%, other 5% (1991)
Sierra Leone20 native African tribes 90% (Temne 30%, Mende 30%, other 30%), Creole (Krio) 10% (descendants of freed Jamaican slaves who were settled in the Freetown area in the late-18th century), refugees from Liberia's recent civil war, small numbers of Europeans, Lebanese, Pakistanis, and Indians
San MarinoSammarinese, Italian
SingaporeChinese 76.7%, Malay 14%, Indian 7.9%, other 1.4%
SomaliaSomali 85%, Bantu and other non-Somali 15% (including Arabs 30,000)
Spaincomposite of Mediterranean and Nordic types
Saint Luciablack 90%, mixed 6%, East Indian 3%, white 1%
Sudanblack 52%, Arab 39%, Beja 6%, foreigners 2%, other 1%
SvalbardNorwegian 55.4%, Russian and Ukrainian 44.3%, other 0.3% (1998)
Swedenindigenous population: Swedes and Finnish and Sami minorities; foreign-born or first-generation immigrants: Finns, Yugoslavs, Danes, Norwegians, Greeks, Turks
South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands
SyriaArab 90.3%, Kurds, Armenians, and other 9.7%
SwitzerlandGerman 65%, French 18%, Italian 10%, Romansch 1%, other 6%
Trinidad and Tobagoblack 39.5%, East Indian (a local term - primarily immigrants from northern India) 40.3%, mixed 18.4%, white 0.6%, Chinese and other 1.2%
Tromelin Island
ThailandThai 75%, Chinese 14%, other 11%
TajikistanTajik 64.9%, Uzbek 25%, Russian 3.5% (declining because of emigration), other 6.6%
Turks and Caicos Islandsblack 90%, mixed, European, or north American 10%
TokelauPolynesian
TongaPolynesian, Europeans about 300
Togonative African (37 tribes; largest and most important are Ewe, Mina, and Kabre) 99%, European and Syrian-Lebanese less than 1%
Sao Tome and Principemestico, angolares (descendants of Angolan slaves), forros (descendants of freed slaves), servicais (contract laborers from Angola, Mozambique, and Cape Verde), tongas (children of servicais born on the islands), Europeans (primarily Portuguese)
TunisiaArab 98%, European 1%, Jewish and other 1%
East TimorAustronesian (Malayo-Polynesian), Papuan, small Chinese minority
TurkeyTurkish 80%, Kurdish 20% (estimated)
TuvaluPolynesian 96%, Micronesian 4%
TaiwanTaiwanese (including Hakka) 84%, mainland Chinese 14%, aborigine 2%
TurkmenistanTurkmen 77%, Uzbek 9.2%, Russian 6.7%, Kazakh 2%, other 5.1% (1995)
Tanzaniamainland - native African 99% (of which 95% are Bantu consisting of more than 130 tribes), other 1% (consisting of Asian, European, and Arab); Zanzibar - Arab, native African, mixed Arab and native African
UgandaBaganda 17%, Ankole 8%, Basoga 8%, Iteso 8%, Bakiga 7%, Langi 6%, Rwanda 6%, Bagisu 5%, Acholi 4%, Lugbara 4%, Batoro 3%, Bunyoro 3%, Alur 2%, Bagwere 2%, Bakonjo 2%, Jopodhola 2%, Karamojong 2%, Rundi 2%, non-African (European, Asian, Arab) 1%, other 8%
United KingdomEnglish 81.5%, Scottish 9.6%, Irish 2.4%, Welsh 1.9%, Ulster 1.8%, West Indian, Indian, Pakistani, and other 2.8%
UkraineUkrainian 77.8%, Russian 17.3%, Belarusian 0.6%, Moldovan 0.5%, Crimean Tatar 0.5%, Bulgarian 0.4%, Hungarian 0.3%, Romanian 0.3%, Polish 0.3%, Jewish 0.2%, other 1.8% (2001)
United Stateswhite 77.1%, black 12.9%, Asian 4.2%, Amerindian and Alaska native 1.5%, native Hawaiian and other Pacific islander 0.3%, other 4% (2000)
Burkina FasoMossi over 40%, Gurunsi, Senufo, Lobi, Bobo, Mande, Fulani
Uruguaywhite 88%, mestizo 8%, black 4%, Amerindian, practically nonexistent
UzbekistanUzbek 80%, Russian 5.5%, Tajik 5%, Kazakh 3%, Karakalpak 2.5%, Tatar 1.5%, other 2.5% (1996 est.)
Saint Vincent and the Grenadinesblack 66%, mixed 19%, East Indian 6%, Carib Amerindian 2%, other 7%
VenezuelaSpanish, Italian, Portuguese, Arab, German, African, indigenous people
British Virgin Islandsblack 83%, white, Indian, Asian and mixed
VietnamVietnamese 85%-90%, Chinese, Hmong, Thai, Khmer, Cham, mountain groups
Virgin Islandsblack 78%, white 10%, other 12%
Holy See (Vatican City)Italians, Swiss, other
Namibiablack 87.5%, white 6%, mixed 6.5%
West BankPalestinian Arab and other 83%, Jewish 17%
Wallis and FutunaPolynesian
Western SaharaArab, Berber
Wake Island
SamoaSamoan 92.6%, Euronesians 7% (persons of European and Polynesian blood), Europeans 0.4%
SwazilandAfrican 97%, European 3%
Indian Ocean
Arctic Ocean
World
Serbia and MontenegroSerb 62.6%, Albanian 16.5%, Montenegrin 5%, Hungarian 3.3%, other 12.6% (1991)
Yemenpredominantly Arab; but also Afro-Arab, South Asians, Europeans
ZambiaAfrican 98.7%, European 1.1%, other 0.2%
Atlantic Ocean
ZimbabweAfrican 98% (Shona 82%, Ndebele 14%, other 2%), mixed and Asian 1%, white less than 1%
Pacific Ocean
Arubamixed white/Caribbean Amerindian 80%
Antigua and Barbudablack, British, Portuguese, Lebanese, Syrian
AfghanistanPashtun 44%, Tajik 25%, Hazara 10%, minor ethnic groups (Aimaks, Turkmen, Baloch, and others) 13%, Uzbek 8%
AlgeriaArab-Berber 99%, European less than 1%
AzerbaijanAzeri 90%, Dagestani 3.2%, Russian 2.5%, Armenian 2%, other 2.3% (1998 est.)
AlbaniaAlbanian 95%, Greek 3%, other 2% (Vlach, Gypsy, Serb, and Bulgarian) (1989 est.)
ArmeniaArmenian 93%, Azeri 1%, Russian 2%, other (mostly Yezidi Kurds) 4% (2002)
AndorraSpanish 43%, Andorran 33%, Portuguese 11%, French 7%, other 6% (1998)
AngolaOvimbundu 37%, Kimbundu 25%, Bakongo 13%, mestico (mixed European and Native African) 2%, European 1%, other 22%
American SamoaSamoan (Polynesian) 89%, Caucasian 2%, Tongan 4%, other 5%
Argentinawhite (mostly Spanish and Italian) 97%, mestizo, Amerindian, or other nonwhite groups 3%
AustraliaCaucasian 92%, Asian 7%, aboriginal and other 1%
Ashmore and Cartier Islands
AustriaGerman 88%, non-nationals 9.3% (includes Croatians, Slovenes, Hungarians, Czechs, Slovaks, Roma), naturalized 2% (includes those who have lived in Austria at least three generations)
Anguillablack (predominant), mulatto, white
Antarctica
BahrainBahraini 63%, Asian 19%, other Arab 10%, Iranian 8%
Barbadosblack 90%, white 4%, Asian and mixed 6%
BotswanaTswana (or Setswana) 79%, Kalanga 11%, Basarwa 3%, other, including Kgalagadi and white 7%
Bermudablack 58%, white 36%, other 6%
BelgiumFleming 58%, Walloon 31%, mixed or other 11%
Bahamas, Theblack 85%, white 12%, Asian and Hispanic 3%
BangladeshBengali 98%, tribal groups, non-Bengali Muslims (1998)
Belizemestizo 48.7%, Creole 24.9%, Maya 10.6%, Garifuna 6.1%, other 9.7%
Bosnia and HerzegovinaSerb 37.1%, Bosniak 48%, Croat 14.3%, other 0.5% (2000)
BoliviaQuechua 30%, mestizo (mixed white and Amerindian ancestry) 30%, Aymara 25%, white 15%
BurmaBurman 68%, Shan 9%, Karen 7%, Rakhine 4%, Chinese 3%, Indian 2%, Mon 2%, other 5%
BeninAfrican 99% (42 ethnic groups, most important being Fon, Adja, Yoruba, Bariba), Europeans 5,500
BelarusBelarusian 81.2%, Russian 11.4%, Polish, Ukrainian, and other 7.4%
Solomon IslandsMelanesian 93%, Polynesian 4%, Micronesian 1.5%, European 0.8%, Chinese 0.3%, other 0.4%
Navassa Island
Brazilwhite (includes Portuguese, German, Italian, Spanish, Polish) 55%, mixed white and black 38%, black 6%, other (includes Japanese, Arab, Amerindian) 1%
Bassas da India
BhutanBhote 50%, ethnic Nepalese 35% (includes Lhotsampas--one of several Nepalese ethnic groups), indigenous or migrant tribes 15%
BulgariaBulgarian 83.6%, Turk 9.5%, Roma 4.6%, other 2.3% (including Macedonian, Armenian, Tatar, Circassian) (1998)
Bouvet Island
BruneiMalay 67%, Chinese 15%, indigenous 6%, other 12%
BurundiHutu (Bantu) 85%, Tutsi (Hamitic) 14%, Twa (Pygmy) 1%, Europeans 3,000, South Asians 2,000
CanadaBritish Isles origin 28%, French origin 23%, other European 15%, Amerindian 2%, other, mostly Asian, African, Arab 6%, mixed background 26%
CambodiaKhmer 90%, Vietnamese 5%, Chinese 1%, other 4%
Chad200 distinct groups; in the north and center: Arabs, Gorane (Toubou, Daza, Kreda), Zaghawa, Kanembou, Ouaddai, Baguirmi, Hadjerai, Fulbe, Kotoko, Hausa, Boulala, and Maba, most of whom are Muslim; in the south: Sara (Ngambaye, Mbaye, Goulaye), Moundang, Moussei, Massa, most of whom are Christian or animist; about 1,000 French citizens live in Chad
Sri LankaSinhalese 74%, Tamil 18%, Moor 7%, Burgher, Malay, and Vedda 1%
Congo, Republic of theKongo 48%, Sangha 20%, M'Bochi 12%, Teke 17%, Europeans and other 3%
Congo, Democratic Republic of theover 200 African ethnic groups of which the majority are Bantu; the four largest tribes - Mongo, Luba, Kongo (all Bantu), and the Mangbetu-Azande (Hamitic) make up about 45% of the population
ChinaHan Chinese 91.9%, Zhuang, Uygur, Hui, Yi, Tibetan, Miao, Manchu, Mongol, Buyi, Korean, and other nationalities 8.1%
Chilewhite and white-Amerindian 95%, Amerindian 3%, other 2%
Cayman Islandsmixed 40%, white 20%, black 20%, expatriates of various ethnic groups 20%
Cocos (Keeling) IslandsEuropeans, Cocos Malays
CameroonCameroon Highlanders 31%, Equatorial Bantu 19%, Kirdi 11%, Fulani 10%, Northwestern Bantu 8%, Eastern Nigritic 7%, other African 13%, non-African less than 1%
ComorosAntalote, Cafre, Makoa, Oimatsaha, Sakalava
Colombiamestizo 58%, white 20%, mulatto 14%, black 4%, mixed black-Amerindian 3%, Amerindian 1%
Northern Mariana IslandsChamorro, Carolinians and other Micronesians, Caucasian, Japanese, Chinese, Filipino, Korean
Coral Sea Islands
Costa Ricawhite (including mestizo) 94%, black 3%, Amerindian 1%, Chinese 1%, other 1%
Central African RepublicBaya 33%, Banda 27%, Mandjia 13%, Sara 10%, Mboum 7%, M'Baka 4%, Yakoma 4%, other 2%
Cubamulatto 51%, white 37%, black 11%, Chinese 1%
Cape VerdeCreole (mulatto) 71%, African 28%, European 1%
Cook IslandsPolynesian (full blood) 81.3%, Polynesian and European 7.7%, Polynesian and non-European 7.7%, European 2.4%, other 0.9%
CyprusGreek 85.2%, Turkish 11.6%, other 3.2% (2000)
DenmarkScandinavian, Inuit, Faroese, German, Turkish, Iranian, Somali
DjiboutiSomali 60%, Afar 35%, French, Arab, Ethiopian, and Italian 5%
Dominicablack, mixed black and European, European, Syrian, Carib Amerindian
Jarvis Island
Dominican Republicwhite 16%, black 11%, mixed 73%
Ecuadormestizo (mixed Amerindian and white) 65%, Amerindian 25%, Spanish and others 7%, black 3%
EgyptEastern Hamitic stock (Egyptians, Bedouins, and Berbers) 99%, Greek, Nubian, Armenian, other European (primarily Italian and French) 1%
IrelandCeltic, English
Equatorial GuineaBioko (primarily Bubi, some Fernandinos), Rio Muni (primarily Fang), Europeans less than 1,000, mostly Spanish
EstoniaEstonian 65.3%, Russian 28.1%, Ukrainian 2.5%, Belarusian 1.5%, Finn 1%, other 1.6% (1998)
Eritreaethnic Tigrinya 50%, Tigre and Kunama 40%, Afar 4%, Saho (Red Sea coast dwellers) 3%, other 3%
El Salvadormestizo 90%, Amerindian 1%, white 9%
EthiopiaOromo 40%, Amhara and Tigre 32%, Sidamo 9%, Shankella 6%, Somali 6%, Afar 4%, Gurage 2%, other 1%
Europa Island
Czech RepublicCzech 81.2%, Moravian 13.2%, Slovak 3.1%, Polish 0.6%, German 0.5%, Silesian 0.4%, Roma 0.3%, Hungarian 0.2%, other 0.5% (1991)
French Guianablack or mulatto 66%, white 12%, East Indian, Chinese, Amerindian 12%, other 10%
FinlandFinn 93%, Swede 6%, Sami 0.11%, Roma 0.12%, Tatar 0.02%
FijiFijian 51% (predominantly Melanesian with a Polynesian admixture), Indian 44%, European, other Pacific Islanders, overseas Chinese, and other 5% (1998 est.)
Falkland Islands (Islas Malvinas)British
Micronesia, Federated States ofnine ethnic Micronesian and Polynesian groups
Faroe IslandsScandinavian
French PolynesiaPolynesian 78%, Chinese 12%, local French 6%, metropolitan French 4%
Baker Island
FranceCeltic and Latin with Teutonic, Slavic, North African, Indochinese, Basque minorities
French Southern and Antarctic Lands
Gambia, TheAfrican 99% (Mandinka 42%, Fula 18%, Wolof 16%, Jola 10%, Serahuli 9%, other 4%), non-African 1%
GabonBantu tribes including four major tribal groupings (Fang, Bapounou, Nzebi, Obamba), other Africans and Europeans 154,000, including 10,700 French and 11,000 persons of dual nationality
GeorgiaGeorgian 70.1%, Armenian 8.1%, Russian 6.3%, Azeri 5.7%, Ossetian 3%, Abkhaz 1.8%, other 5%
Ghanablack African 98.5% (major tribes - Akan 44%, Moshi-Dagomba 16%, Ewe 13%, Ga 8%, Gurma 3%, Yoruba 1%), European and other 1.5% (1998)
GibraltarSpanish, Italian, English, Maltese, Portuguese
Grenadablack 82%, mixed black and European 13%, European and East Indian 5% , and trace of Arawak/Carib Amerindian
GuernseyUK and Norman-French descent
GreenlandGreenlander 88% (Inuit and Greenland-born whites), Danish and others 12% (January 2000)
GermanyGerman 91.5%, Turkish 2.4%, other 6.1% (made up largely of Serbo-Croatian, Italian, Russian, Greek, Polish, Spanish)
Glorioso Islands
Guadeloupeblack or mulatto 90%, white 5%, East Indian, Lebanese, Chinese less than 5%
GuamChamorro 37%, Filipino 26%, white 10%, Chinese, Japanese, Korean, and other 27%
GreeceGreek 98%, other 2%
GuatemalaMestizo (mixed Amerindian-Spanish or assimilated Amerindian - in local Spanish called Ladino), approximately 55%, Amerindian or predominantly Amerindian, approximately 43%, whites and others 2%
GuineaPeuhl 40%, Malinke 30%, Soussou 20%, smaller ethnic groups 10%
GuyanaEast Indian 50%, black 36%, Amerindian 7%, white, Chinese, and mixed 7%
Gaza StripPalestinian Arab and other 99.4%, Jewish 0.6%
Haitiblack 95%, mulatto and white 5%
Hong KongChinese 95%, other 5%
Heard Island and McDonald Islands
Hondurasmestizo (mixed Amerindian and European) 90%, Amerindian 7%, black 2%, white 1%
Howland Island
CroatiaCroat 78.1%, Serb 12.2%, Bosniak 0.9%, Hungarian 0.5%, Slovene 0.5%, Czech 0.4%, Albanian 0.3%, Montenegrin 0.3%, Roma 0.2%, others 6.6% (1991)
HungaryHungarian 89.9%, Roma 4%, German 2.6%, Serb 2%, Slovak 0.8%, Romanian 0.7%
Icelandhomogeneous mixture of descendants of Norse and Celts 94%, population of foreign origin 6%
IndonesiaJavanese 45%, Sundanese 14%, Madurese 7.5%, coastal Malays 7.5%, other 26%
Man, Isle ofManx (Norse-Celtic descent), Briton
IndiaIndo-Aryan 72%, Dravidian 25%, Mongoloid and other 3% (2000)
British Indian Ocean Territory
Clipperton Island
IranPersian 51%, Azeri 24%, Gilaki and Mazandarani 8%, Kurd 7%, Arab 3%, Lur 2%, Baloch 2%, Turkmen 2%, other 1%
IsraelJewish 80.1% (Europe/America-born 32.1%, Israel-born 20.8%, Africa-born 14.6%, Asia-born 12.6%), non-Jewish 19.9% (mostly Arab) (1996 est.)
ItalyItalian (includes small clusters of German-, French-, and Slovene-Italians in the north and Albanian-Italians and Greek-Italians in the south)
Cote d'IvoireAkan 42.1%, Voltaiques or Gur 17.6%, Northern Mandes 16.5%, Krous 11%, Southern Mandes 10%, other 2.8% (includes 130,000 Lebanese and 20,000 French) (1998)
IraqArab 75%-80%, Kurdish 15%-20%, Turkoman, Assyrian or other 5%
JapanJapanese 99%, others 1% (Korean 511,262, Chinese 244,241, Brazilian 182,232, Filipino 89,851, other 237,914) (2000)
JerseyUK and Norman-French descent
Jamaicablack 90.9%, East Indian 1.3%, white 0.2%, Chinese 0.2%, mixed 7.3%, other 0.1%
Jan Mayen
JordanArab 98%, Circassian 1%, Armenian 1%
Johnston Atoll
Juan de Nova Island
KenyaKikuyu 22%, Luhya 14%, Luo 13%, Kalenjin 12%, Kamba 11%, Kisii 6%, Meru 6%, other African 15%, non-African (Asian, European, and Arab) 1%
KyrgyzstanKyrgyz 52.4%, Russian 18%, Uzbek 12.9%, Ukrainian 2.5%, German 2.4%, other 11.8%
Korea, Northracially homogeneous; there is a small Chinese community and a few ethnic Japanese
Kingman Reef
Kiribatipredominantly Micronesian with some Polynesian
Korea, Southhomogeneous (except for about 20,000 Chinese)
Christmas IslandChinese 70%, European 20%, Malay 10%
KuwaitKuwaiti 45%, other Arab 35%, South Asian 9%, Iranian 4%, other 7%
KazakhstanKazakh (Qazaq) 53.4%, Russian 30%, Ukrainian 3.7%, Uzbek 2.5%, German 2.4%, Uighur 1.4%, other 6.6% (1999 census)
LaosLao Loum (lowland) 68%, Lao Theung (upland) 22%, Lao Soung (highland) including the Hmong ("Meo") and the Yao (Mien) 9%, ethnic Vietnamese/Chinese 1%
LebanonArab 95%, Armenian 4%, other 1%
LatviaLatvian 57.7%, Russian 29.6%, Belarusian 4.1%, Ukrainian 2.7%, Polish 2.5%, Lithuanian 1.4%, other 2%
LithuaniaLithuanian 80.6%, Russian 8.7%, Polish 7%, Belarusian 1.6%, other 2.1%
Liberiaindigenous African tribes 95% (including Kpelle, Bassa, Gio, Kru, Grebo, Mano, Krahn, Gola, Gbandi, Loma, Kissi, Vai, Dei, Bella, Mandingo, and Mende), Americo-Liberians 2.5% (descendants of immigrants from the US who had been slaves), Congo People 2.5% (descendants of immigrants from the Caribbean who had been slaves)
SlovakiaSlovak 85.7%, Hungarian 10.6%, Roma 1.6% (the 1992 census figures underreport the Gypsy/Romany community, which is about 500,000), Czech, Moravian, Silesian 1.1%, Ruthenian and Ukrainian 0.6%, German 0.1%, Polish 0.1%, other 0.2% (1996)
Palmyra Atoll
LiechtensteinAlemannic 86%, Italian, Turkish, and other 14%
LesothoSotho 99.7%, Europeans, Asians, and other 0.3%,
LuxembourgCeltic base (with French and German blend), Portuguese, Italian, Slavs (from Montenegro, Albania, and Kososvo) and European (guest and resident workers)
LibyaBerber and Arab 97%, Greeks, Maltese, Italians, Egyptians, Pakistanis, Turks, Indians, Tunisians
MadagascarMalayo-Indonesian (Merina and related Betsileo), Cotiers (mixed African, Malayo-Indonesian, and Arab ancestry - Betsimisaraka, Tsimihety, Antaisaka, Sakalava), French, Indian, Creole, Comoran
MartiniqueAfrican and African-white-Indian mixture 90%, white 5%, East Indian, Chinese less than 5%
MacauChinese 95%, Macanese (mixed Portuguese and Asian ancestry), Portuguese, other
MoldovaMoldovan/Romanian 64.5%, Ukrainian 13.8%, Russian 13%, Jewish 1.5%, Bulgarian 2%, Gagauz and other 5.2% (1989 est.)
Mayotte
MongoliaMongol (predominantly Khalkha) 85%, Turkic (of which Kazakh is the largest group) 7%, Tungusic 4.6%, other (including Chinese and Russian) 3.4% (1998)
Montserratblack, white
MalawiChewa, Nyanja, Tumbuka, Yao, Lomwe, Sena, Tonga, Ngoni, Ngonde, Asian, European
Macedonia, The Former Yugoslav Republic ofMacedonian 66.6%, Albanian 22.7%, Turkish 4%, Roma 2.2%, Serb 2.1%, other 2.4% (1994)
MaliMande 50% (Bambara, Malinke, Soninke), Peul 17%, Voltaic 12%, Songhai 6%, Tuareg and Moor 10%, other 5%
MonacoFrench 47%, Monegasque 16%, Italian 16%, other 21%
MoroccoArab-Berber 99.1%, other 0.7%, Jewish 0.2%
MauritiusIndo-Mauritian 68%, Creole 27%, Sino-Mauritian 3%, Franco-Mauritian 2%
Midway Islands
Mauritaniamixed Maur/black 40%, Maur 30%, black 30%
MaltaMaltese (descendants of ancient Carthaginians and Phoenicians, with strong elements of Italian and other Mediterranean stock)
OmanArab, Baluchi, South Asian (Indian, Pakistani, Sri Lankan, Bangladeshi), African
MaldivesSouth Indians, Sinhalese, Arabs
Mexicomestizo (Amerindian-Spanish) 60%, Amerindian or predominantly Amerindian 30%, white 9%, other 1%
MalaysiaMalay and other indigenous 58%, Chinese 24%, Indian 8%, others 10% (2000)
Mozambiqueindigenous tribal groups 99.66% (Shangaan, Chokwe, Manyika, Sena, Makua, and others), Europeans 0.06%, Euro-Africans 0.2%, Indians 0.08%
New CaledoniaMelanesian 42.5%, European 37.1%, Wallisian 8.4%, Polynesian 3.8%, Indonesian 3.6%, Vietnamese 1.6%, other 3%
NiuePolynesian (with some 200 Europeans, Samoans, and Tongans)
Norfolk Islanddescendants of the Bounty mutineers, Australian, New Zealander, Polynesians
NigerHausa 56%, Djerma 22%, Fula 8.5%, Tuareg 8%, Beri Beri (Kanouri) 4.3%, Arab, Toubou, and Gourmantche 1.2%, about 1,200 French expatriates
Vanuatuindigenous Melanesian 98%, French, Vietnamese, Chinese, other Pacific Islanders
NigeriaNigeria, which is Africa's most populous country, is composed of more than 250 ethnic groups; the following are the most populous and politically influential: Hausa and Fulani 29%, Yoruba 21%, Igbo (Ibo) 18%, Ijaw 10%, Kanuri 4%, Ibibio 3.5%, Tiv 2.5%
NetherlandsDutch 83%, other 17% (of which 9% are non-western origin mainly Turks, Moroccans, Antilleans, Surinamese and Indonesians) (1999 est.)
NorwayNorwegian, Sami 20,000
NepalBrahman, Chetri, Newar, Gurung, Magar, Tamang, Rai, Limbu, Sherpa, Tharu, and others (1995)
NauruNauruan 58%, other Pacific Islander 26%, Chinese 8%, European 8%
SurinameHindustani (also known locally as "East Indians"; their ancestors emigrated from northern India in the latter part of the 19th century) 37%, Creole (mixed white and black) 31%, Javanese 15%, "Maroons" (their African ancestors were brought to the country in the 17th and 18th centuries as slaves and escaped to the interior) 10%, Amerindian 2%, Chinese 2%, white 1%, other 2%
Netherlands Antillesmixed black 85%, Carib Amerindian, white, East Asian
Nicaraguamestizo (mixed Amerindian and white) 69%, white 17%, black 9%, Amerindian 5%
New ZealandNew Zealand European 74.5%, Maori 9.7%, other European 4.6%, Pacific Islander 3.8%, Asian and others 7.4%
Southern Ocean
Paraguaymestizo (mixed Spanish and Amerindian) 95%
Pitcairn Islandsdescendants of the Bounty mutineers and their Tahitian wives
PeruAmerindian 45%, mestizo (mixed Amerindian and white) 37%, white 15%, black, Japanese, Chinese, and other 3%
Paracel Islands
Spratly Islands
PakistanPunjabi, Sindhi, Pashtun (Pathan), Baloch, Muhajir (immigrants from India at the time of partition and their descendants)
PolandPolish 97.6%, German 1.3%, Ukrainian 0.6%, Belarusian 0.5% (1990 est.)
Panamamestizo (mixed Amerindian and white) 70%, Amerindian and mixed (West Indian) 14%, white 10%, Amerindian 6%
Portugalhomogeneous Mediterranean stock; citizens of black African descent who immigrated to mainland during decolonization number less than 100,000; since 1990 East Europeans have entered Portugal
Papua New GuineaMelanesian, Papuan, Negrito, Micronesian, Polynesian
PalauPalauan (Micronesian with Malayan and Melanesian admixtures) 70%, Asian (mainly Filipinos, followed by Chinese, Taiwanese, and Vietnamese) 28%, white 2% (2000 est.)
Guinea-BissauAfrican 99% (Balanta 30%, Fula 20%, Manjaca 14%, Mandinga 13%, Papel 7%), European and mulatto less than 1%
QatarArab 40%, Pakistani 18%, Indian 18%, Iranian 10%, other 14%
ReunionFrench, African, Malagasy, Chinese, Pakistani, Indian
Marshall IslandsMicronesian
RomaniaRomanian 89.5%, Hungarian 6.6%, Roma 2.5%, Ukrainian 0.3%, German 0.3%, Russian 0.2%, Turkish 0.2%, other 0.4% (2002)
PhilippinesChristian Malay 91.5%, Muslim Malay 4%, Chinese 1.5%, other 3%
Puerto Ricowhite (mostly Spanish origin) 80.5%, black 8%, Amerindian 0.4%, Asian 0.2%, mixed and other 10.9%
RussiaRussian 81.5%, Tatar 3.8%, Ukrainian 3%, Chuvash 1.2%, Bashkir 0.9%, Belarusian 0.8%, Moldavian 0.7%, other 8.1%
RwandaHutu 84%, Tutsi 15%, Twa (Pygmoid) 1%
Saudi ArabiaArab 90%, Afro-Asian 10%
Saint Pierre and MiquelonBasques and Bretons (French fishermen)
Saint Kitts and Nevispredominantly black some British, Portuguese, and Lebanese
Seychellesmixed French, African, Indian, Chinese, and Arab
South Africablack 75.2%, white 13.6%, Colored 8.6%, Indian 2.6%
SenegalWolof 43.3%, Pular 23.8%, Serer 14.7%, Jola 3.7%, Mandinka 3%, Soninke 1.1%, European and Lebanese 1%, other 9.4%
Saint HelenaAfrican descent 50%, white 25%, Chinese 25%
SloveniaSlovene 88%, Croat 3%, Serb 2%, Bosniak 1%, Yugoslav 0.6%, Hungarian 0.4%, other 5% (1991)
Sierra Leone20 native African tribes 90% (Temne 30%, Mende 30%, other 30%), Creole (Krio) 10% (descendants of freed Jamaican slaves who were settled in the Freetown area in the late-18th century), refugees from Liberia's recent civil war, small numbers of Europeans, Lebanese, Pakistanis, and Indians
San MarinoSammarinese, Italian
SingaporeChinese 76.7%, Malay 14%, Indian 7.9%, other 1.4%
SomaliaSomali 85%, Bantu and other non-Somali 15% (including Arabs 30,000)
Spaincomposite of Mediterranean and Nordic types
Saint Luciablack 90%, mixed 6%, East Indian 3%, white 1%
Sudanblack 52%, Arab 39%, Beja 6%, foreigners 2%, other 1%
SvalbardNorwegian 55.4%, Russian and Ukrainian 44.3%, other 0.3% (1998)
Swedenindigenous population: Swedes and Finnish and Sami minorities; foreign-born or first-generation immigrants: Finns, Yugoslavs, Danes, Norwegians, Greeks, Turks
South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands
SyriaArab 90.3%, Kurds, Armenians, and other 9.7%
SwitzerlandGerman 65%, French 18%, Italian 10%, Romansch 1%, other 6%
Trinidad and Tobagoblack 39.5%, East Indian (a local term - primarily immigrants from northern India) 40.3%, mixed 18.4%, white 0.6%, Chinese and other 1.2%
Tromelin Island
ThailandThai 75%, Chinese 14%, other 11%
TajikistanTajik 64.9%, Uzbek 25%, Russian 3.5% (declining because of emigration), other 6.6%
Turks and Caicos Islandsblack
TokelauPolynesian
TongaPolynesian, Europeans about 300
Togonative African (37 tribes; largest and most important are Ewe, Mina, and Kabre) 99%, European and Syrian-Lebanese less than 1%
Sao Tome and Principemestico, angolares (descendants of Angolan slaves), forros (descendants of freed slaves), servicais (contract laborers from Angola, Mozambique, and Cape Verde), tongas (children of servicais born on the islands), Europeans (primarily Portuguese)
TunisiaArab 98%, European 1%, Jewish and other 1%
East TimorAustronesian (Malayo-Polynesian), Papuan, small Chinese minority
TurkeyTurkish 80%, Kurdish 20%
TuvaluPolynesian 96%, Micronesian 4%
TaiwanTaiwanese (including Hakka) 84%, mainland Chinese 14%, aborigine 2%
TurkmenistanTurkmen 77%, Uzbek 9.2%, Russian 6.7%, Kazakh 2%, other 5.1% (1995)
Tanzaniamainland - native African 99% (of which 95% are Bantu consisting of more than 130 tribes), other 1% (consisting of Asian, European, and Arab); Zanzibar - Arab, native African, mixed Arab and native African
UgandaBaganda 17%, Ankole 8%, Basoga 8%, Iteso 8%, Bakiga 7%, Langi 6%, Rwanda 6%, Bagisu 5%, Acholi 4%, Lugbara 4%, Batoro 3%, Bunyoro 3%, Alur 2%, Bagwere 2%, Bakonjo 2%, Jopodhola 2%, Karamojong 2%, Rundi 2%, non-African (European, Asian, Arab) 1%, other 8%
United KingdomEnglish 81.5%, Scottish 9.6%, Irish 2.4%, Welsh 1.9%, Ulster 1.8%, West Indian, Indian, Pakistani, and other 2.8%
UkraineUkrainian 77.8%, Russian 17.3%, Belarusian 0.6%, Moldovan 0.5%, Crimean Tatar 0.5%, Bulgarian 0.4%, Hungarian 0.3%, Romanian 0.3%, Polish 0.3%, Jewish 0.2%, other 1.8% (2001)
United Stateswhite 77.1%, black 12.9%, Asian 4.2%, Amerindian and Alaska native 1.5%, native Hawaiian and other Pacific islander 0.3%, other 4% (2000)
Burkina FasoMossi over 40%, Gurunsi, Senufo, Lobi, Bobo, Mande, Fulani
Uruguaywhite 88%, mestizo 8%, black 4%, Amerindian, practically nonexistent
UzbekistanUzbek 80%, Russian 5.5%, Tajik 5%, Kazakh 3%, Karakalpak 2.5%, Tatar 1.5%, other 2.5% (1996 est.)
Saint Vincent and the Grenadinesblack 66%, mixed 19%, East Indian 6%, Carib Amerindian 2%, other 7%
VenezuelaSpanish, Italian, Portuguese, Arab, German, African, indigenous people
British Virgin Islandsblack 83%, white, Indian, Asian and mixed
VietnamVietnamese 85%-90%, Chinese, Hmong, Thai, Khmer, Cham, mountain groups
Virgin Islandsblack 80%, white 15%, other 5%
Holy See (Vatican City)Italians, Swiss, other
Namibiablack 87.5%, white 6%, mixed 6.5%
West BankPalestinian Arab and other 83%, Jewish 17%
Wallis and FutunaPolynesian
Western SaharaArab, Berber
Wake Island
SamoaSamoan 92.6%, Euronesians 7% (persons of European and Polynesian blood), Europeans 0.4%
SwazilandAfrican 97%, European 3%
Indian Ocean
Arctic Ocean
World
Serbia and MontenegroSerb 62.6%, Albanian 16.5%, Montenegrin 5%, Hungarian 3.3%, other 12.6% (1991)
Yemenpredominantly Arab; but also Afro-Arab, South Asians, Europeans
ZambiaAfrican 98.7%, European 1.1%, other 0.2%
Atlantic Ocean
ZimbabweAfrican 98% (Shona 82%, Ndebele 14%, other 2%), mixed and Asian 1%, white less than 1%
Pacific Ocean
Argentinawhite (mostly Spanish and Italian) 97%, mestizo, Amerindian, or other nonwhite groups 3%
AustraliaCaucasian 92%, Asian 7%, aboriginal and other 1%
Ashmore and Cartier Islands
AustriaGerman 98%, Croatian, Slovene, other (includes Hungarians, Czechs, Slovaks, Roma)
Anguillablack
Antarctica
BahrainBahraini 63%, Asian 19%, other Arab 10%, Iranian 8%
Barbadosblack 80%, white 4%, other 16%
BotswanaTswana (or Setswana) 79%, Kalanga 11%, Basarwa 3%, other, including Kgalagadi and white 7%
Bermudablack 58%, white 36%, other 6%
BelgiumFleming 58%, Walloon 31%, mixed or other 11%
Bahamas, Theblack 85%, white 12%, Asian and Hispanic 3%
BangladeshBengali 98%, tribal groups, non-Bengali Muslims (1998)
Belizemestizo 43.7%, Creole 29.8%, Maya 10%, Garifuna 6.2%, other 10.3%
Bosnia and HerzegovinaSerb 31%, Bosniak 44%, Croat 17%, Yugoslav 5.5%, other 2.5% (1991)

note:  Bosniak has replaced muslim as an ethnic term in part to avoid confusion with the religious term Muslim - an adherent of Islam
BoliviaQuechua 30%, Aymara 25%, mestizo (mixed white and Amerindian ancestry) 30%, white 15%
BurmaBurman 68%, Shan 9%, Karen 7%, Rakhine 4%, Chinese 3%, Mon 2%, Indian 2%, other 5%
BeninAfrican 99% (42 ethnic groups, most important being Fon, Adja, Yoruba, Bariba), Europeans 5,500
BelarusByelorussian 81.2%, Russian 11.4%, Polish, Ukrainian, and other 7.4%
Solomon IslandsMelanesian 93%, Polynesian 4%, Micronesian 1.5%, European 0.8%, Chinese 0.3%, other 0.4%
Navassa Island
Brazilwhite (includes Portuguese, German, Italian, Spanish, Polish) 55%, mixed white and black 38%, black 6%, other (includes Japanese, Arab, Amerindian) 1%
Bassas da India
BhutanBhote 50%, ethnic Nepalese 35%, indigenous or migrant tribes 15%
BulgariaBulgarian 83%, Turk 8.5%, Roma 2.6%, Macedonian, Armenian, Tatar, Gagauz, Circassian, others (1998)
Bouvet Island
BruneiMalay 67%, Chinese 15%, indigenous 6%, other 12%
BurundiHutu (Bantu) 85%, Tutsi (Hamitic) 14%, Twa (Pygmy) 1%, Europeans 3,000, South Asians 2,000
CanadaBritish Isles origin 28%, French origin 23%, other European 15%, Amerindian 2%, other, mostly Asian, African, Arab 6%, mixed background 26%
CambodiaKhmer 90%, Vietnamese 5%, Chinese 1%, other 4%
ChadMuslims, commonly referred to as "northerners" or "gorane" (Arabs, Toubou, Hadjerai, Fulbe, Kotoko, Kanembou, Baguirmi, Boulala, Zaghawa, and Maba); non-Muslims, commonly referred to as "southerners" (Sara, Ngambaye, Mbaye, Goulaye, Moundang, Moussei, Massa) including nonindigenous 150,000 (of whom 1,000 are French)

note:  ethnicity and regional background more commonly used to identify Chadians than religious affiliation
Sri LankaSinhalese 74%, Tamil 18%, Moor 7%, Burgher, Malay, and Vedda 1%
Congo, Republic of theKongo 48%, Sangha 20%, M'Bochi 12%, Teke 17%, Europeans ; note - Europeans estimated at 8,500, mostly French, before the 1997 civil war; may be half that of 1998, following the widespread destruction of foreign businesses in 1997
Congo, Democratic Republic of theover 200 African ethnic groups of which the majority are Bantu; the four largest tribes - Mongo, Luba, Kongo (all Bantu), and the Mangbetu-Azande (Hamitic) make up about 45% of the population
ChinaHan Chinese 91.9%, Zhuang, Uygur, Hui, Yi, Tibetan, Miao, Manchu, Mongol, Buyi, Korean, and other nationalities 8.1%
Chilewhite and white-Amerindian 95%, Amerindian 3%, other 2%
Cayman Islandsmixed 40%, white 20%, black 20%, expatriates of various ethnic groups 20%
Cocos (Keeling) IslandsEuropeans, Cocos Malays
CameroonCameroon Highlanders 31%, Equatorial Bantu 19%, Kirdi 11%, Fulani 10%, Northwestern Bantu 8%, Eastern Nigritic 7%, other African 13%, non-African less than 1%
ComorosAntalote, Cafre, Makoa, Oimatsaha, Sakalava
Colombiamestizo 58%, white 20%, mulatto 14%, black 4%, mixed black-Amerindian 3%, Amerindian 1%
Northern Mariana IslandsChamorro, Carolinians and other Micronesians, Caucasian, Japanese, Chinese, Korean
Coral Sea Islands
Costa Ricawhite (including mestizo) 94%, black 3%, Amerindian 1%, Chinese 1%, other 1%
Central African RepublicBaya 34%, Banda 27%, Sara 10%, Mandjia 21%, Mboum 4%, M'Baka 4%, Europeans 6,500 (including 1,500 French)
Cubamulatto 51%, white 37%, black 11%, Chinese 1%
Cape VerdeCreole (mulatto) 71%, African 28%, European 1%
Cook IslandsPolynesian (full blood) 81.3%, Polynesian and European 7.7%, Polynesian and non-European 7.7%, European 2.4%, other 0.9%
CyprusGreek 78% (99.5% of the Greeks live in the Greek Cypriot area; 0.5% of the Greeks live in the Turkish Cypriot area), Turkish 18% (1.3% of the Turks live in the Greek Cypriot area; 98.7% of the Turks live in the Turkish Cypriot area), other 4% (99.2% of the other ethnic groups live in the Greek Cypriot area; 0.8% of the other ethnic groups live in the Turkish Cypriot area)
DenmarkScandinavian, Inuit, Faroese, German, Turkish, Iranian, Somali
DjiboutiSomali 60%, Afar 35%, French, Arab, Ethiopian, and Italian 5%
Dominicablack, Carib Amerindian
Jarvis Island
Dominican Republicwhite 16%, black 11%, mixed 73%
Ecuadormestizo (mixed Amerindian and white) 65%, Amerindian 25%, Spanish and others 7%, black 3%
EgyptEastern Hamitic stock (Egyptians, Bedouins, and Berbers) 99%, Greek, Nubian, Armenian, other European (primarily Italian and French) 1%
IrelandCeltic, English
Equatorial GuineaBioko (primarily Bubi, some Fernandinos), Rio Muni (primarily Fang), Europeans less than 1,000, mostly Spanish
EstoniaEstonian 65.1%, Russian 28.1%, Ukrainian 2.5%, Byelorussian 1.5%, Finn 1%, other 1.8% (1998)
Eritreaethnic Tigrinya 50%, Tigre and Kunama 40%, Afar 4%, Saho (Red Sea coast dwellers) 3%
El Salvadormestizo 90%, Amerindian 1%, white 9%
EthiopiaOromo 40%, Amhara and Tigre 32%, Sidamo 9%, Shankella 6%, Somali 6%, Afar 4%, Gurage 2%, other 1%
Europa Island
Czech RepublicCzech 81.2%, Moravian 13.2%, Slovak 3.1%, Polish 0.6%, German 0.5%, Silesian 0.4%, Roma 0.3%, Hungarian 0.2%, other 0.5% (1991)
French Guianablack or mulatto 66%, white 12%, East Indian, Chinese, Amerindian 12%, other 10%
FinlandFinn 93%, Swede 6%, Sami 0.11%, Roma 0.12%, Tatar 0.02%
FijiFijian 51% (predominantly Melanesian with a Polynesian admixture), Indian 44%, European, other Pacific Islanders, overseas Chinese, and other 5% (1998 est.)
Micronesia, Federated States ofnine ethnic Micronesian and Polynesian groups
Faroe IslandsScandinavian
French PolynesiaPolynesian 78%, Chinese 12%, local French 6%, metropolitan French 4%
Baker Island
FranceCeltic and Latin with Teutonic, Slavic, North African, Indochinese, Basque minorities
French Southern and Antarctic Lands
Gambia, TheAfrican 99% (Mandinka 42%, Fula 18%, Wolof 16%, Jola 10%, Serahuli 9%, other 4%), non-African 1%
GabonBantu tribes including four major tribal groupings (Fang, Eshira, Bapounou, Bateke), other Africans and Europeans 154,000, including 10,700 French and 11,000 persons of dual nationality
GeorgiaGeorgian 70.1%, Armenian 8.1%, Russian 6.3%, Azeri 5.7%, Ossetian 3%, Abkhaz 1.8%, other 5%
Ghanablack African 99.8% (major tribes - Akan 44%, Moshi-Dagomba 16%, Ewe 13%, Ga 8%), European and other 0.2%
GibraltarSpanish, Italian, English, Maltese, Portuguese
Grenadablack 82% some South Asians (East Indians) and Europeans, trace Arawak/Carib Amerindian
GuernseyUK and Norman-French descent
GreenlandGreenlander 88% (Inuit and Greenland-born whites), Danish and others 12% (January 2000)
GermanyGerman 91.5%, Turkish 2.4%, other 6.1% (made up largely of Serbo-Croatian, Italian, Russian, Greek, Polish, Spanish)
Glorioso Islands
Guadeloupeblack or mulatto 90%, white 5%, East Indian, Lebanese, Chinese less than 5%
GuamChamorro 47%, Filipino 25%, white 10%, Chinese, Japanese, Korean, and other 18%
GreeceGreek 98%, other 2%

note:  the Greek Government states there are no ethnic divisions in Greece
GuatemalaMestizo (mixed Amerindian-Spanish or assimilated Amerindian - in local Spanish called Ladino), approximately 55%, Amerindian or predominantly Amerindian, approximately 43%, whites and others 2%
GuineaPeuhl 40%, Malinke 30%, Soussou 20%, smaller ethnic groups 10%
GuyanaEast Indian 49%, black 32%, mixed 12%, Amerindian 6%, white and Chinese 1%
Gaza StripPalestinian Arab and other 99.4%, Jewish 0.6%
Haitiblack 95%, mulatto and white 5%
Hong KongChinese 95%, other 5%
Heard Island and McDonald Islands
Hondurasmestizo (mixed Amerindian and European) 90%, Amerindian 7%, black 2%, white 1%
Howland Island
CroatiaCroat 78.1%, Serb 12.2%, Bosniak 0.9%, Hungarian 0.5%, Slovenian 0.5%, Czech 0.4%, Albanian 0.3%, Montenegrin 0.3%, Roma 0.2%, others 6.6% (1991)
HungaryHungarian 89.9%, Roma 4%, German 2.6%, Serb 2%, Slovak 0.8%, Romanian 0.7%
Icelandhomogeneous mixture of descendants of Norse and Celts
IndonesiaJavanese 45%, Sundanese 14%, Madurese 7.5%, coastal Malays 7.5%, other 26%
Man, Isle ofManx (Norse-Celtic descent), Briton
IndiaIndo-Aryan 72%, Dravidian 25%, Mongoloid and other 3% (2000)
British Indian Ocean Territory
Clipperton Island
IranPersian 51%, Azeri 24%, Gilaki and Mazandarani 8%, Kurd 7%, Arab 3%, Lur 2%, Baloch 2%, Turkmen 2%, other 1%
IsraelJewish 80.1% (Europe/America-born 32.1%, Israel-born 20.8%, Africa-born 14.6%, Asia-born 12.6%), non-Jewish 19.9% (mostly Arab) (1996 est.)
ItalyItalian (includes small clusters of German-, French-, and Slovene-Italians in the north and Albanian-Italians and Greek-Italians in the south)
Cote d'IvoireAkan 42.1%, Voltaiques or Gur 17.6%, Northern Mandes 16.5%, Krous 11%, Southern Mandes 10%, other 2.8% (1998)
IraqArab 75%-80%, Kurdish 15%-20%, Turkoman, Assyrian or other 5%
JapanJapanese 99.4%, Korean 0.6% (1999)
JerseyUK and Norman-French descent
Jamaicablack 90.9%, East Indian 1.3%, white 0.2%, Chinese 0.2%, mixed 7.3%, other 0.1%
Jan Mayen
JordanArab 98%, Circassian 1%, Armenian 1%
Johnston Atoll
Juan de Nova Island
KenyaKikuyu 22%, Luhya 14%, Luo 13%, Kalenjin 12%, Kamba 11%, Kisii 6%, Meru 6%, other African 15%, non-African (Asian, European, and Arab) 1%
KyrgyzstanKirghiz 52.4%, Russian 18%, Uzbek 12.9%, Ukrainian 2.5%, German 2.4%, other 11.8%
Korea, Northracially homogeneous; there is a small Chinese community and a few ethnic Japanese
Kingman Reef
Kiribatipredominantly Micronesian with some Polynesian
Korea, Southhomogeneous (except for about 20,000 Chinese)
Christmas IslandChinese 61%, Malay 25%, European 11%, other 3%, no indigenous population
KuwaitKuwaiti 45%, other Arab 35%, South Asian 9%, Iranian 4%, other 7%
KazakhstanKazakh (Qazaq) 53.4%, Russian 30%, Ukrainian 3.7%, Uzbek 2.5%, German 2.4%, Uighur 1.4%, other 6.6% (1999 census)
LaosLao Loum (lowland) 68%, Lao Theung (upland) 22%, Lao Soung (highland) including the Hmong ("Meo") and the Yao (Mien) 9%, ethnic Vietnamese/Chinese 1%
LebanonArab 95%, Armenian 4%, other 1%
LatviaLatvian 56.5%, Russian 30.4%, Byelorussian 4.3%, Ukrainian 2.8%, Polish 2.6%, other 3.4%
LithuaniaLithuanian 80.6%, Russian 8.7%, Polish 7%, Byelorussian 1.6%, other 2.1%
Liberiaindigenous African tribes 95% (including Kpelle, Bassa, Gio, Kru, Grebo, Mano, Krahn, Gola, Gbandi, Loma, Kissi, Vai, and Bella), Americo-Liberians 2.5% (descendants of immigrants from the US who had been slaves), Congo People 2.5% (descendants of immigrants from the Caribbean who had been slaves)
SlovakiaSlovak 85.7%, Hungarian 10.6%, Roma 1.6% (the 1992 census figures underreport the Gypsy/Romany community, which is about 500,000), Czech, Moravian, Silesian 1.1%, Ruthenian and Ukrainian 0.6%, German 0.1%, Polish 0.1%, other 0.2% (1996)
Palmyra Atoll
LiechtensteinAlemannic 87.5%, Italian, Turkish, and other 12.5%
LesothoSotho 99.7%, Europeans, Asians, and other 0.3%,
LuxembourgCeltic base (with French and German blend), Portuguese, Italian, Slavs (from Montenegro, Albania, and Kososvo) and European (guest and resident workers)
LibyaBerber and Arab 97%, Greeks, Maltese, Italians, Egyptians, Pakistanis, Turks, Indians, Tunisians
MadagascarMalayo-Indonesian (Merina and related Betsileo), Cotiers (mixed African, Malayo-Indonesian, and Arab ancestry - Betsimisaraka, Tsimihety, Antaisaka, Sakalava), French, Indian, Creole, Comoran
MartiniqueAfrican and African-white-Indian mixture 90%, white 5%, East Indian, Chinese less than 5%
MacauChinese 95%, Macanese (mixed Portuguese and Asian ancestry), Portuguese, other
MoldovaMoldovan/Romanian 64.5%, Ukrainian 13.8%, Russian 13%, Gagauz 3.5%, Jewish 1.5%, Bulgarian 2%, other 1.7% (1989 est.)

note:  internal disputes with ethnic Slavs in the Transnistrian region
Mayotte
MongoliaMongol (predominantly Khalkha) 85%, Turkic (of which Kazakh is the largest group) 7%, Tungusic 4.6%, other (including Chinese and Russian) 3.4% (1998)
Montserratblack, white
MalawiChewa, Nyanja, Tumbuko, Yao, Lomwe, Sena, Tonga, Ngoni, Ngonde, Asian, European
Macedonia, The Former Yugoslav Republic ofMacedonian 66.6%, Albanian 22.7%, Turkish 4%, Roma 2.2%, Serb 2.1%, other 2.4% (1994)
MaliMande 50% (Bambara, Malinke, Soninke), Peul 17%, Voltaic 12%, Songhai 6%, Tuareg and Moor 10%, other 5%
MonacoFrench 47%, Monegasque 16%, Italian 16%, other 21%
MoroccoArab-Berber 99.1%, other 0.7%, Jewish 0.2%
MauritiusIndo-Mauritian 68%, Creole 27%, Sino-Mauritian 3%, Franco-Mauritian 2%
Midway Islands
Mauritaniamixed Maur/black 40%, Maur 30%, black 30%
MaltaMaltese (descendants of ancient Carthaginians and Phoenicians, with strong elements of Italian and other Mediterranean stock)
OmanArab, Baluchi, South Asian (Indian, Pakistani, Sri Lankan, Bangladeshi), African
MaldivesSouth Indians, Sinhalese, Arabs
Mexicomestizo (Amerindian-Spanish) 60%, Amerindian or predominantly Amerindian 30%, white 9%, other 1%
MalaysiaMalay and other indigenous 58%, Chinese 27%, Indian 8%, others 7% (2000)
Mozambiqueindigenous tribal groups 99.66% (Shangaan, Chokwe, Manyika, Sena, Makua, and others), Europeans 0.06%, Euro-Africans 0.2%, Indians 0.08%
New CaledoniaMelanesian 42.5%, European 37.1%, Wallisian 8.4%, Polynesian 3.8%, Indonesian 3.6%, Vietnamese 1.6%, other 3%
NiuePolynesian (with some 200 Europeans, Samoans, and Tongans)
Norfolk Islanddescendants of the Bounty mutineers, Australian, New Zealander, Polynesians
NigerHausa 56%, Djerma 22%, Fula 8.5%, Tuareg 8%, Beri Beri (Kanouri) 4.3%, Arab, Toubou, and Gourmantche 1.2%, about 1,200 French expatriates
Vanuatuindigenous Melanesian 94%, French 4%, Vietnamese, Chinese, Pacific Islanders
NigeriaNigeria, which is Africa's most populous country, is composed of more than 250 ethnic groups; the following are the most populous and politically influential: Hausa and Fulani 29%, Yoruba 21%, Igbo (Ibo) 18%, Ijaw 10%, Kanuri 4%, Ibibio 3.5%, Tiv 2.5%
NetherlandsDutch 91%, Moroccans, Turks, and other 9% (1999 est.)
NorwayNorwegian (Nordic, Alpine, Baltic), Sami 20,000
NepalBrahman, Chetri, Newar, Gurung, Magar, Tamang, Rai, Limbu, Sherpa, Tharu, and others (1995)
NauruNauruan 58%, other Pacific Islander 26%, Chinese 8%, European 8%
SurinameHindustani (also known locally as "East Indians"; their ancestors emigrated from northern India in the latter part of the 19th century) 37%, Creole (mixed white and black) 31%, Javanese 15%, "Maroons" (their African ancestors were brought to the country in the 17th and 18th centuries as slaves and escaped to the interior) 10%, Amerindian 2%, Chinese 2%, white 1%, other 2%
Netherlands Antillesmixed black 85%, Carib Amerindian, white, East Asian
Nicaraguamestizo (mixed Amerindian and white) 69%, white 17%, black 9%, Amerindian 5%
New ZealandNew Zealand European 74.5%, Maori 9.7%, other European 4.6%, Pacific Islander 3.8%, Asian and others 7.4%
Southern Ocean
Paraguaymestizo (mixed Spanish and Amerindian) 95%
Pitcairn Islandsdescendants of the Bounty mutineers and their Tahitian wives
PeruAmerindian 45%, mestizo (mixed Amerindian and white) 37%, white 15%, black, Japanese, Chinese, and other 3%
Paracel Islands
Spratly Islands
PakistanPunjabi, Sindhi, Pashtun (Pathan), Baloch, Muhajir (immigrants from India at the time of partition and their descendants)
PolandPolish 97.6%, German 1.3%, Ukrainian 0.6%, Byelorussian 0.5% (1990 est.)
Panamamestizo (mixed Amerindian and white) 70%, Amerindian and mixed (West Indian) 14%, white 10%, Amerindian 6%
Portugalhomogeneous Mediterranean stock; citizens of black African descent who immigrated to mainland during decolonization number less than 100,000
Papua New GuineaMelanesian, Papuan, Negrito, Micronesian, Polynesian
PalauPalauan (Micronesian with Malayan and Melanesian admixtures) 70%, Asian (mainly Filipinos, followed by Chinese, Taiwanese, and Vietnamese) 28%, white 2% (2000 est.)
Guinea-BissauAfrican 99% (Balanta 30%, Fula 20%, Manjaca 14%, Mandinga 13%, Papel 7%), European and mulatto less than 1%
QatarArab 40%, Pakistani 18%, Indian 18%, Iranian 10%, other 14%
ReunionFrench, African, Malagasy, Chinese, Pakistani, Indian
Marshall IslandsMicronesian
RomaniaRomanian 89.5%, Hungarian 7.1%, Roma 1.8%, German 0.5%, Ukrainian 0.3%, other 0.8% (1992)
PhilippinesChristian Malay 91.5%, Muslim Malay 4%, Chinese 1.5%, other 3%
Puerto Ricowhite (mostly Spanish origin) 80.5%, black 8%, Amerindian 0.4%, Asian 0.2%, mixed and other 10.9%
RussiaRussian 81.5%, Tatar 3.8%, Ukrainian 3%, Chuvash 1.2%, Bashkir 0.9%, Byelorussian 0.8%, Moldavian 0.7%, other 8.1%
RwandaHutu 84%, Tutsi 15%, Twa (Pygmoid) 1%
Saudi ArabiaArab 90%, Afro-Asian 10%
Saint Pierre and MiquelonBasques and Bretons (French fishermen)
Saint Kitts and Nevispredominantly black some British, Portuguese, and Lebanese
SeychellesSeychellois (mixture of Asians, Africans, Europeans)
South Africablack 75.2%, white 13.6%, Colored 8.6%, Indian 2.6%
SenegalWolof 43.3%, Pular 23.8%, Serer 14.7%, Jola 3.7%, Mandinka 3%, Soninke 1.1%, European and Lebanese 1%, other 9.4%
Saint HelenaAfrican descent 50%, white 25%, Chinese 25%
SloveniaSlovene 88%, Croat 3%, Serb 2%, Bosniak 1%, Yugoslav 0.6%, Hungarian 0.4%, other 5% (1991)
Sierra Leone20 native African tribes 90% (Temne 30%, Mende 30%, other 30%), Creole 10% (descendants of freed Jamaican slaves who were settled in the Freetown area in the late-18th century), refugees from Liberia's recent civil war, small numbers of Europeans, Lebanese, Pakistanis, and Indians
San MarinoSammarinese, Italian
SingaporeChinese 76.7%, Malay 14%, Indian 7.9%, other 1.4%
SomaliaSomali 85%, Bantu, Arabs 30,000
Spaincomposite of Mediterranean and Nordic types
Saint Luciablack 90%, mixed 6%, East Indian 3%, white 1%
Sudanblack 52%, Arab 39%, Beja 6%, foreigners 2%, other 1%
SvalbardNorwegian 55.4%, Russian and Ukrainian 44.3%, other 0.3% (1998)
Swedenindigenous population: Swedes and Finnish and Sami minorities; foreign-born or first-generation immigrants: Finns, Yugoslavs, Danes, Norwegians, Greeks, Turks
South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands
SyriaArab 90.3%, Kurds, Armenians, and other 9.7%
SwitzerlandGerman 65%, French 18%, Italian 10%, Romansch 1%, other 6%
Trinidad and Tobagoblack 39.5%, East Indian (a local term - primarily immigrants from northern India) 40.3%, mixed 18.4%, white 0.6%, Chinese and other 1.2%
Tromelin Island
ThailandThai 75%, Chinese 14%, other 11%
TajikistanTajik 64.9%, Uzbek 25%, Russian 3.5% (declining because of emigration), other 6.6%
Turks and Caicos Islandsblack
TokelauPolynesian
TongaPolynesian, Europeans about 300
Togonative African (37 tribes; largest and most important are Ewe, Mina, and Kabre) 99%, European and Syrian-Lebanese less than 1%
Sao Tome and Principemestico, angolares (descendants of Angolan slaves), forros (descendants of freed slaves), servicais (contract laborers from Angola, Mozambique, and Cape Verde), tongas (children of servicais born on the islands), Europeans (primarily Portuguese)
TunisiaArab 98%, European 1%, Jewish and other 1%
TurkeyTurkish 80%, Kurdish 20%
TuvaluPolynesian 96%
TaiwanTaiwanese (including Hakka) 84%, mainland Chinese 14%, aborigine 2%
TurkmenistanTurkmen 77%, Uzbek 9.2%, Russian 6.7%, Kazakh 2%, other 5.1% (1995)
Tanzaniamainland - native African 99% (of which 95% are Bantu consisting of more than 130 tribes), other 1% (consisting of Asian, European, and Arab); Zanzibar - Arab, native African, mixed Arab and native African
UgandaBaganda 17%, Karamojong 12%, Basogo 8%, Iteso 8%, Langi 6%, Rwanda 6%, Bagisu 5%, Acholi 4%, Lugbara 4%, Bunyoro 3%, Batoro 3%, non-African (European, Asian, Arab) 1%, other 23%
United KingdomEnglish 81.5%, Scottish 9.6%, Irish 2.4%, Welsh 1.9%, Ulster 1.8%, West Indian, Indian, Pakistani, and other 2.8%
UkraineUkrainian 73%, Russian 22%, Jewish 1%, other 4%
United Stateswhite 83.5%, black 12.4%, Asian 3.3%, Amerindian 0.8% (1992)

note:  a separate listing for Hispanic is not included because the US Census Bureau considers Hispanic to mean a person of Latin American descent (especially of Cuban, Mexican, or Puerto Rican origin) living in the US who may be of any race or ethnic group (white, black, Asian, etc.)
Burkina FasoMossi over 40%, Gurunsi, Senufo, Lobi, Bobo, Mande, Fulani
Uruguaywhite 88%, mestizo 8%, black 4%, Amerindian, practically nonexistent
UzbekistanUzbek 80%, Russian 5.5%, Tajik 5%, Kazakh 3%, Karakalpak 2.5%, Tatar 1.5%, other 2.5% (1996 est.)
Saint Vincent and the Grenadinesblack 66%, mixed 19%, East Indian 6%, Carib Amerindian 2%
VenezuelaSpanish, Italian, Portuguese, Arab, German, African, indigenous people
British Virgin Islandsblack 90%, white, Asian
VietnamVietnamese 85%-90%, Chinese, Hmong, Thai, Khmer, Cham, mountain groups
Virgin Islandsblack 80%, white 15%, other 5%

note:  West Indian (45% born in the Virgin Islands and 29% born elsewhere in the West Indies) 74%, US mainland 13%, Puerto Rican 5%, other 8%
Holy See (Vatican City)Italians, Swiss, other
Namibiablack 87.5%, white 6%, mixed 6.5%

note:  about 50% of the population belong to the Ovambo tribe and 9% to the Kavangos tribe; other ethnic groups are: Herero 7%, Damara 7%, Nama 5%, Caprivian 4%, Bushmen 3%, Baster 2%, Tswana 0.5%
West BankPalestinian Arab and other 83%, Jewish 17%
Wallis and FutunaPolynesian
Western SaharaArab, Berber
Wake Island
SamoaSamoan 92.6%, Euronesians 7% (persons of European and Polynesian blood), Europeans 0.4%
SwazilandAfrican 97%, European 3%
Indian Ocean
Arctic Ocean
World
Yemenpredominantly Arab; but also Afro-Arab, South Asians, Europeans
ZambiaAfrican 98.7%, European 1.1%, other 0.2%
Atlantic Ocean
ZimbabweAfrican 98% (Shona 71%, Ndebele 16%, other 11%), mixed and Asian 1%, white less than 1%
Pacific Ocean
World
AfghanistanPashtun 42%, Tajik 27%, Hazara 9%, Uzbek 9%, Aimak 4%, Turkmen 3%, Baloch 2%, other 4%
Akrotiri
AlbaniaAlbanian 95%, Greek 3%, other 2% (Vlach, Roma (Gypsy), Serb, Macedonian, Bulgarian) (1989 est.)
AlgeriaArab-Berber 99%, European less than 1%
American Samoanative Pacific islander 92.9%, Asian 2.9%, white 1.2%, mixed 2.8%, other 0.2% (2000 census)
AndorraSpanish 43%, Andorran 33%, Portuguese 11%, French 7%, other 6% (1998)
AngolaOvimbundu 37%, Kimbundu 25%, Bakongo 13%, mestico (mixed European and native African) 2%, European 1%, other 22%
Anguillablack (predominant) 90.1%, mixed, mulatto 4.6%, white 3.7%, other 1.5% (2001 Census)
Antarctica
Antigua and Barbudablack 91%, mixed 4.4%, white 1.7%, other 2.9% (2001 census)
Arctic Ocean
Argentinawhite (mostly Spanish and Italian) 97%, mestizo (mixed white and Amerindian ancestry), Amerindian, or other non-white groups 3%
ArmeniaArmenian 97.9%, Yezidi (Kurd) 1.3%, Russian 0.5%, other 0.3% (2001 census)
Arubamixed white/Caribbean Amerindian 80%, other 20%
Ashmore and Cartier Islands
Atlantic Ocean
Australiawhite 92%, Asian 7%, aboriginal and other 1%
AustriaAustrians 91.1%, former Yugoslavs 4% (includes Croatians, Slovenes, Serbs, and Bosniaks), Turks 1.6%, German 0.9%, other or unspecified 2.4% (2001 census)
AzerbaijanAzeri 90.6%, Dagestani 2.2%, Russian 1.8%, Armenian 1.5%, other 3.9% (1999 census)
Bahamas, Theblack 85%, white 12%, Asian and Hispanic 3%
BahrainBahraini 62.4%, non-Bahraini 37.6% (2001 census)
United States Pacific Island Wildlife Refuges
BangladeshBengali 98%, other 2% (includes tribal groups, non-Bengali Muslims) (1998)
Barbadosblack 90%, white 4%, Asian and mixed 6%
Iles Eparses
BelarusBelarusian 81.2%, Russian 11.4%, Polish 3.9%, Ukrainian 2.4%, other 1.1% (1999 census)
BelgiumFleming 58%, Walloon 31%, mixed or other 11%
Belizemestizo 48.7%, Creole 24.9%, Maya 10.6%, Garifuna 6.1%, other 9.7%
BeninFon and related 39.2%, Adja and related 15.2%, Yoruba and related 12.3%, Bariba and related 9.2%, Peulh and related 7%, Ottamari and related 6.1%, Yoa-Lokpa and related 4%, Dendi and related 2.5%, other 1.6% (includes Europeans), unspecified 2.9% (2002 census)
Bermudablack 54.8%, white 34.1%, mixed 6.4%, other races 4.3%, unspecified 0.4% (2000 census)
BhutanBhote 50%, ethnic Nepalese 35% (includes Lhotsampas - one of several Nepalese ethnic groups), indigenous or migrant tribes 15%
Bosnia and HerzegovinaBosniak 48%, Serb 37.1%, Croat 14.3%, other 0.6% (2000)
BoliviaQuechua 30%, mestizo (mixed white and Amerindian ancestry) 30%, Aymara 25%, white 15%
BotswanaTswana (or Setswana) 79%, Kalanga 11%, Basarwa 3%, other, including Kgalagadi and white 7%
Bouvet Island
Brazilwhite 53.7%, mulatto (mixed white and black) 38.5%, black 6.2%, other (includes Japanese, Arab, Amerindian) 0.9%, unspecified 0.7% (2000 census)
British Indian Ocean Territory
British Virgin Islandsblack 83%, other 17% (includes white, Indian, Asian and mixed)
BruneiMalay 67%, Chinese 15%, indigenous 6%, other 12%
BulgariaBulgarian 83.9%, Turk 9.4%, Roma 4.7%, other 2% (including Macedonian, Armenian, Tatar, Circassian) (2001 census)
Burkina FasoMossi over 40%, other approximately 60% (includes Gurunsi, Senufo, Lobi, Bobo, Mande, and Fulani)
BurmaBurman 68%, Shan 9%, Karen 7%, Rakhine 4%, Chinese 3%, Indian 2%, Mon 2%, other 5%
BurundiHutu (Bantu) 85%, Tutsi (Hamitic) 14%, Twa (Pygmy) 1%, Europeans 3,000, South Asians 2,000
CambodiaKhmer 90%, Vietnamese 5%, Chinese 1%, other 4%
CameroonCameroon Highlanders 31%, Equatorial Bantu 19%, Kirdi 11%, Fulani 10%, Northwestern Bantu 8%, Eastern Nigritic 7%, other African 13%, non-African less than 1%
CanadaBritish Isles origin 28%, French origin 23%, other European 15%, Amerindian 2%, other, mostly Asian, African, Arab 6%, mixed background 26%
Cape VerdeCreole (mulatto) 71%, African 28%, European 1%
Cayman Islandsmixed 40%, white 20%, black 20%, expatriates of various ethnic groups 20%
Central African RepublicBaya 33%, Banda 27%, Mandjia 13%, Sara 10%, Mboum 7%, M'Baka 4%, Yakoma 4%, other 2%
ChadSara 27.7%, Arab 12.3%, Mayo-Kebbi 11.5%, Kanem-Bornou 9%, Ouaddai 8.7%, Hadjarai 6.7%, Tandjile 6.5%, Gorane 6.3%, Fitri-Batha 4.7%, other 6.4%, unknown 0.3% (1993 census)
Chilewhite and white-Amerindian 95%, Amerindian 3%, other 2%
ChinaHan Chinese 91.9%, Zhuang, Uygur, Hui, Yi, Tibetan, Miao, Manchu, Mongol, Buyi, Korean, and other nationalities 8.1%
Christmas IslandChinese 70%, European 20%, Malay 10%
Clipperton Island
Cocos (Keeling) IslandsEuropeans, Cocos Malays
Colombiamestizo 58%, white 20%, mulatto 14%, black 4%, mixed black-Amerindian 3%, Amerindian 1%
ComorosAntalote, Cafre, Makoa, Oimatsaha, Sakalava
CyprusGreek 77%, Turkish 18%, other 5% (2001)
Congo, Republic of theKongo 48%, Sangha 20%, M'Bochi 12%, Teke 17%, Europeans and other 3%
Cook IslandsCook Island Maori (Polynesian) 87.7%, part Cook Island Maori 5.8%, other 6.5% (2001 census)
Coral Sea Islands
Costa Ricawhite (including mestizo) 94%, black 3%, Amerindian 1%, Chinese 1%, other 1%
Cote d'IvoireAkan 42.1%, Voltaiques or Gur 17.6%, Northern Mandes 16.5%, Krous 11%, Southern Mandes 10%, other 2.8% (includes 130,000 Lebanese and 14,000 French) (1998)
CroatiaCroat 89.6%, Serb 4.5%, other 5.9% (including Bosniak, Hungarian, Slovene, Czech, and Roma) (2001 census)
El Salvadormestizo 90%, white 9%, Amerindian 1%
EgyptEgyptian 98%, Berber, Nubian, Bedouin, and Beja 1%, Greek, Armenian, other European (primarily Italian and French) 1%
East TimorAustronesian (Malayo-Polynesian), Papuan, small Chinese minority
Ecuadormestizo (mixed Amerindian and white) 65%, Amerindian 25%, Spanish and others 7%, black 3%
Dominican Republicmixed 73%, white 16%, black 11%
Dominicablack 86.8%, mixed 8.9%, Carib Amerindian 2.9%, white 0.8%, other 0.7% (2001 census)
Dhekelia
DjiboutiSomali 60%, Afar 35%, other 5% (includes French, Arab, Ethiopian, and Italian)
DenmarkScandinavian, Inuit, Faroese, German, Turkish, Iranian, Somali
Czech RepublicCzech 90.4%, Moravian 3.7%, Slovak 1.9%, other 4% (2001 census)
Cubamulatto 51%, white 37%, black 11%, Chinese 1%
Equatorial GuineaFang 85.7%, Bubi 6.5%, Mdowe 3.6%, Annobon 1.6%, Bujeba 1.1%, other 1.4% (1994 census)
EritreaTigrinya 50%, Tigre and Kunama 40%, Afar 4%, Saho (Red Sea coast dwellers) 3%, other 3%
EstoniaEstonian 67.9%, Russian 25.6%, Ukrainian 2.1%, Belarusian 1.3%, Finn 0.9%, other 2.2% (2000 census)
EthiopiaOromo 32.1%, Amara 30.1%, Tigraway 6.2%, Somalie 5.9%, Guragie 4.3%, Sidama 3.5%, Welaita 2.4%, other 15.4% (1994 census)
Falkland Islands (Islas Malvinas)British
Faroe IslandsScandinavian
FijiFijian 54.8% (predominantly Melanesian with a Polynesian admixture), Indian 37.4%, other 7.9% (European, other Pacific Islanders, Chinese) (2005 estimate)
FinlandFinn 93.4%, Swede 5.7%, Russian 0.4%, Estonian 0.2%, Roma (Gypsy) 0.2%, Sami 0.1%
FranceCeltic and Latin with Teutonic, Slavic, North African, Indochinese, Basque minorities
French PolynesiaPolynesian 78%, Chinese 12%, local French 6%, metropolitan French 4%
French Southern and Antarctic Lands
GabonBantu tribes, including four major tribal groupings (Fang, Bapounou, Nzebi, Obamba); other Africans and Europeans, 154,000, including 10,700 French and 11,000 persons of dual nationality
Gambia, TheAfrican 99% (Mandinka 42%, Fula 18%, Wolof 16%, Jola 10%, Serahuli 9%, other 4%), non-African 1%
Gaza StripPalestinian Arab and other 99.4%, Jewish 0.6%
GeorgiaGeorgian 83.8%, Azeri 6.5%, Armenian 5.7%, Russian 1.5%, other 2.5% (2002 census)
GermanyGerman 91.5%, Turkish 2.4%, other 6.1% (made up largely of Greek, Italian, Polish, Russian, Serbo-Croatian, Spanish)
GhanaAkan 45.3%, Mole-Dagbon 15.2%, Ewe 11.7%, Ga-Dangme 7.3%, Guan 4%, Gurma 3.6%, Grusi 2.6%, Mande-Busanga 1%, other tribes 1.4%, other 7.8% (2000 census)
GibraltarSpanish, Italian, English, Maltese, Portuguese, German, North Africans
Iles Eparses
Greecepopulation: Greek 93%, other (foreign citizens) 7% (2001 census)
GreenlandGreenlander 88% (Inuit and Greenland-born whites), Danish and others 12% (2000)
Grenadablack 82%, mixed black and European 13%, European and East Indian 5%, and trace of Arawak/Carib Amerindian
GuamChamorro 37.1%, Filipino 26.3%, other Pacific islander 11.3%, white 6.9%, other Asian 6.3%, other ethnic origin or race 2.3%, mixed 9.8% (2000 census)
GuatemalaMestizo (mixed Amerindian-Spanish - in local Spanish called Ladino) and European 59.4%, K'iche 9.1%, Kaqchikel 8.4%, Mam 7.9%, Q'eqchi 6.3%, other Mayan 8.6%, indigenous non-Mayan 0.2%, other 0.1% (2001 census)
GuernseyUK and Norman-French descent with small percentages from other European countries
GuineaPeuhl 40%, Malinke 30%, Soussou 20%, smaller ethnic groups 10%
Guinea-BissauAfrican 99% (includes Balanta 30%, Fula 20%, Manjaca 14%, Mandinga 13%, Papel 7%), European and mulatto less than 1%
GuyanaEast Indian 50%, black 36%, Amerindian 7%, white, Chinese, and mixed 7%
Haitiblack 95%, mulatto and white 5%
Heard Island and McDonald Islands
Holy See (Vatican City)Italians, Swiss, other
Hondurasmestizo (mixed Amerindian and European) 90%, Amerindian 7%, black 2%, white 1%
Icelandhomogeneous mixture of descendants of Norse and Celts 94%, population of foreign origin 6%
HungaryHungarian 92.3%, Roma 1.9%, other or unknown 5.8% (2001 census)
Hong KongChinese 94.9%, Filipino 2.1%, other 3% (2001 census)
Iles Eparses
IndiaIndo-Aryan 72%, Dravidian 25%, Mongoloid and other 3% (2000)
Indian Ocean
IndonesiaJavanese 40.6%, Sundanese 15%, Madurese 3.3%, Minangkabau 2.7%, Betawi 2.4%, Bugis 2.4%, Banten 2%, Banjar 1.7%, other or unspecified 29.9% (2000 census)
IranPersian 51%, Azeri 24%, Gilaki and Mazandarani 8%, Kurd 7%, Arab 3%, Lur 2%, Baloch 2%, Turkmen 2%, other 1%
IraqArab 75%-80%, Kurdish 15%-20%, Turkoman, Assyrian or other 5%
IrelandCeltic, English
Isle of ManManx (Norse-Celtic descent), Britons
IsraelJewish 76.4% (of which Israel-born 67.1%, Europe/America-born 22.6%, Africa-born 5.9%, Asia-born 4.2%), non-Jewish 23.6% (mostly Arab) (2004)
ItalyItalian (includes small clusters of German-, French-, and Slovene-Italians in the north and Albanian-Italians and Greek-Italians in the south)
Jamaicablack 91.2%, mixed 6.2%, other or unknown 2.6% (2001 census)
Jan Mayen
JapanJapanese 98.5%, Koreans 0.5%, Chinese 0.4%, other 0.7%
JerseyJersey 51.1%, Britons 34.8%, Irish, French, and other white 6.6%, Portuguese/Madeiran 6.4%, other 1.1% (2001 census)
JordanArab 98%, Circassian 1%, Armenian 1%
KazakhstanKazakh (Qazaq) 53.4%, Russian 30%, Ukrainian 3.7%, Uzbek 2.5%, German 2.4%, Tatar 1.7%, Uygur 1.4%, other 4.9% (1999 census)
KenyaKikuyu 22%, Luhya 14%, Luo 13%, Kalenjin 12%, Kamba 11%, Kisii 6%, Meru 6%, other African 15%, non-African (Asian, European, and Arab) 1%
KiribatiMicronesian 98.8%, other 1.2% (2000 census)
Korea, Northracially homogeneous; there is a small Chinese community and a few ethnic Japanese
Korea, Southhomogeneous (except for about 20,000 Chinese)
KuwaitKuwaiti 45%, other Arab 35%, South Asian 9%, Iranian 4%, other 7%
KyrgyzstanKyrgyz 64.9%, Uzbek 13.8%, Russian 12.5%, Dungan 1.1%, Ukrainian 1%, Uygur 1%, other 5.7% (1999 census)
LaosLao Loum (lowland) 68%, Lao Theung (upland) 22%, Lao Soung (highland) including the Hmong and the Yao 9%, ethnic Vietnamese/Chinese 1%
LatviaLatvian 57.7%, Russian 29.6%, Belarusian 4.1%, Ukrainian 2.7%, Polish 2.5%, Lithuanian 1.4%, other 2% (2002)
LebanonArab 95%, Armenian 4%, other 1%
LesothoSotho 99.7%, Europeans, Asians, and other 0.3%,
Liberiaindigenous African 95% (including Kpelle, Bassa, Gio, Kru, Grebo, Mano, Krahn, Gola, Gbandi, Loma, Kissi, Vai, Dei, Bella, Mandingo, and Mende), Americo-Liberians 2.5% (descendants of immigrants from the US who had been slaves), Congo People 2.5% (descendants of immigrants from the Caribbean who had been slaves)
LibyaBerber and Arab 97%, other 3% (includes Greeks, Maltese, Italians, Egyptians, Pakistanis, Turks, Indians, and Tunisians)
LiechtensteinAlemannic 86%, Italian, Turkish, and other 14%
LithuaniaLithuanian 83.4%, Polish 6.7%, Russian 6.3%, other or unspecified 3.6% (2001 census)
LuxembourgCeltic base (with French and German blend), Portuguese, Italian, Slavs (from Montenegro, Albania, and Kosovo) and European (guest and resident workers)
MacauChinese 95.7%, Macanese (mixed Portuguese and Asian ancestry) 1%, other 3.3% (2001 census)
MacedoniaMacedonian 64.2%, Albanian 25.2%, Turkish 3.9%, Roma (Gypsy) 2.7%, Serb 1.8%, other 2.2% (2002 census)
MadagascarMalayo-Indonesian (Merina and related Betsileo), Cotiers (mixed African, Malayo-Indonesian, and Arab ancestry - Betsimisaraka, Tsimihety, Antaisaka, Sakalava), French, Indian, Creole, Comoran
MalawiChewa, Nyanja, Tumbuka, Yao, Lomwe, Sena, Tonga, Ngoni, Ngonde, Asian, European
MalaysiaMalay 50.4%, Chinese 23.7%, indigenous 11%, Indian 7.1%, others 7.8% (2004 est.)
MaldivesSouth Indians, Sinhalese, Arabs
MaliMande 50% (Bambara, Malinke, Soninke), Peul 17%, Voltaic 12%, Songhai 6%, Tuareg and Moor 10%, other 5%
MaltaMaltese (descendants of ancient Carthaginians and Phoenicians, with strong elements of Italian and other Mediterranean stock)
Marshall IslandsMicronesian
Mauritaniamixed Moor/black 40%, Moor 30%, black 30%
MauritiusIndo-Mauritian 68%, Creole 27%, Sino-Mauritian 3%, Franco-Mauritian 2%
MayotteNA
Mexicomestizo (Amerindian-Spanish) 60%, Amerindian or predominantly Amerindian 30%, white 9%, other 1%
Micronesia, Federated States ofChuukese 48.8%, Pohnpeian 24.2%, Kosraean 6.2%, Yapese 5.2%, Yap outer islands 4.5%, Asian 1.8%, Polynesian 1.5%, other 6.4%, unknown 1.4% (2000 census)
MoldovaMoldovan/Romanian 78.2%, Ukrainian 8.4%, Russian 5.8%, Gagauz 4.4%, Bulgarian 1.9%, other 1.3% (2004 census)
MonacoFrench 47%, Monegasque 16%, Italian 16%, other 21%
MongoliaMongol (mostly Khalkha) 94.9%, Turkic (mostly Kazakh) 5%, other (including Chinese and Russian) 0.1% (2000)
MontenegroMontenegrin 43%, Serbian 32%, Bosniak 8%, Albanian 5%, other (Muslims, Croats, Roma (Gypsy)) 12%
Montserratblack, white
MoroccoArab-Berber 99.1%, other 0.7%, Jewish 0.2%
MozambiqueAfrican 99.66% (Makhuwa, Tsonga, Lomwe, Sena, and others), Europeans 0.06%, Euro-Africans 0.2%, Indians 0.08%
Namibiablack 87.5%, white 6%, mixed 6.5%
NauruNauruan 58%, other Pacific Islander 26%, Chinese 8%, European 8%
Navassa Island
NepalChhettri 15.5%, Brahman-Hill 12.5%, Magar 7%, Tharu 6.6%, Tamang 5.5%, Newar 5.4%, Muslim 4.2%, Kami 3.9%, Yadav 3.9%, other 32.7%, unspecified 2.8% (2001 census)
NetherlandsDutch 83%, other 17% (of which 9% are non-Western origin mainly Turks, Moroccans, Antilleans, Surinamese, and Indonesians) (1999 est.)
Netherlands Antillesmixed black 85%, other 15% (includes Carib Amerindian, white, East Asian)
New CaledoniaMelanesian 42.5%, European 37.1%, Wallisian 8.4%, Polynesian 3.8%, Indonesian 3.6%, Vietnamese 1.6%, other 3%
New ZealandEuropean 69.8%, Maori 7.9%, Asian 5.7%, Pacific islander 4.4%, other 0.5%, mixed 7.8%, unspecified 3.8% (2001 census)
Nicaraguamestizo (mixed Amerindian and white) 69%, white 17%, black 9%, Amerindian 5%
NigerHaoussa 55.4%, Djerma Sonrai 21%, Touareg 9.3%, Peuhl 8.5%, Kanouri Manga 4.7%, other 1.2% (2001 census)
NigeriaNigeria, Africa's most populous country, is composed of more than 250 ethnic groups; the following are the most populous and politically influential: Hausa and Fulani 29%, Yoruba 21%, Igbo (Ibo) 18%, Ijaw 10%, Kanuri 4%, Ibibio 3.5%, Tiv 2.5%
NiueNiuen 78.2%, Pacific islander 10.2%, European 4.5%, mixed 3.9%, Asian 0.2%, unspecified 3% (2001 census)
Norfolk Islanddescendants of the Bounty mutineers, Australian, New Zealander, Polynesian
Northern Mariana IslandsAsian 56.3%, Pacific islander 36.3%, Caucasian 1.8%, other 0.8%, mixed 4.8% (2000 census)
NorwayNorwegian, Sami 20,000
Pacific Ocean
PakistanPunjabi, Sindhi, Pashtun (Pathan), Baloch, Muhajir (immigrants from India at the time of partition and their descendants)
PalauPalauan (Micronesian with Malayan and Melanesian admixtures) 69.9%, Filipino 15.3%, Chinese 4.9%, other Asian 2.4%, white 1.9%, Carolinian 1.4%, other Micronesian 1.1%, other or unspecified 3.2% (2000 census)
Panamamestizo (mixed Amerindian and white) 70%, Amerindian and mixed (West Indian) 14%, white 10%, Amerindian 6%
Papua New GuineaMelanesian, Papuan, Negrito, Micronesian, Polynesian
Paracel Islands
Paraguaymestizo (mixed Spanish and Amerindian) 95%, other 5%
PeruAmerindian 45%, mestizo (mixed Amerindian and white) 37%, white 15%, black, Japanese, Chinese, and other 3%
PhilippinesTagalog 28.1%, Cebuano 13.1%, Ilocano 9%, Bisaya/Binisaya 7.6%, Hiligaynon Ilonggo 7.5%, Bikol 6%, Waray 3.4%, other 25.3% (2000 census)
Pitcairn Islandsdescendants of the Bounty mutineers and their Tahitian wives
PolandPolish 96.7%, German 0.4%, Belarusian 0.1%, Ukrainian 0.1%, other and unspecified 2.7% (2002 census)
Portugalhomogeneous Mediterranean stock; citizens of black African descent who immigrated to mainland during decolonization number less than 100,000; since 1990 East Europeans have entered Portugal
Puerto Ricowhite (mostly Spanish origin) 80.5%, black 8%, Amerindian 0.4%, Asian 0.2%, mixed and other 10.9%
QatarArab 40%, Indian 18%, Pakistani 18%, Iranian 10%, other 14%
RomaniaRomanian 89.5%, Hungarian 6.6%, Roma 2.5%, Ukrainian 0.3%, German 0.3%, Russian 0.2%, Turkish 0.2%, other 0.4% (2002 census)
UgandaBaganda 16.9%, Banyakole 9.5%, Basoga 8.4%, Bakiga 6.9%, Iteso 6.4%, Langi 6.1%, Acholi 4.7%, Bagisu 4.6%, Lugbara 4.2%, Bunyoro 2.7%, other 29.6% (2002 census)
TuvaluPolynesian 96%, Micronesian 4%
Turks and Caicos Islandsblack 90%, mixed, European, or North American 10%
TurkmenistanTurkmen 85%, Uzbek 5%, Russian 4%, other 6% (2003)
TurkeyTurkish 80%, Kurdish 20% (estimated)
TunisiaArab 98%, European 1%, Jewish and other 1%
Trinidad and TobagoIndian (South Asian) 40%, African 37.5%, mixed 20.5%, other 1.2%, unspecified 0.8% (2000 census)
TokelauPolynesian
TongaPolynesian, Europeans
TogoAfrican (37 tribes; largest and most important are Ewe, Mina, and Kabre) 99%, European and Syrian-Lebanese less than 1%
ThailandThai 75%, Chinese 14%, other 11%
Tanzaniamainland - African 99% (of which 95% are Bantu consisting of more than 130 tribes), other 1% (consisting of Asian, European, and Arab); Zanzibar - Arab, African, mixed Arab and African
TajikistanTajik 79.9%, Uzbek 15.3%, Russian 1.1%, Kyrgyz 1.1%, other 2.6% (2000 census)
SyriaArab 90.3%, Kurds, Armenians, and other 9.7%
SwitzerlandGerman 65%, French 18%, Italian 10%, Romansch 1%, other 6%
Swedenindigenous population: Swedes with Finnish and Sami minorities; foreign-born or first-generation immigrants: Finns, Yugoslavs, Danes, Norwegians, Greeks, Turks
SwazilandAfrican 97%, European 3%
SvalbardNorwegian 55.4%, Russian and Ukrainian 44.3%, other 0.3% (1998)
SurinameHindustani (also known locally as "East Indians"; their ancestors emigrated from northern India in the latter part of the 19th century) 37%, Creole (mixed white and black) 31%, Javanese 15%, "Maroons" (their African ancestors were brought to the country in the 17th and 18th centuries as slaves and escaped to the interior) 10%, Amerindian 2%, Chinese 2%, white 1%, other 2%
Sudanblack 52%, Arab 39%, Beja 6%, foreigners 2%, other 1%
Spratly Islands
Sri LankaSinhalese 73.8%, Sri Lankan Moors 7.2%, Indian Tamil 4.6%, Sri Lankan Tamil 3.9%, other 0.5%, unspecified 10% (2001 census provisional data)
Southern Ocean
Spaincomposite of Mediterranean and Nordic types
South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands
South Africablack African 79%, white 9.6%, colored 8.9%, Indian/Asian 2.5% (2001 census)
SomaliaSomali 85%, Bantu and other non-Somali 15% (including Arabs 30,000)
Solomon IslandsMelanesian 94.5%, Polynesian 3%, Micronesian 1.2%, other 1.1%, unspecified 0.2% (1999 census)
SloveniaSlovene 83.1%, Serb 2%, Croat 1.8%, Bosniak 1.1%, other or unspecified 12% (2002 census)
SlovakiaSlovak 85.8%, Hungarian 9.7%, Roma 1.7%, Ruthenian/Ukrainian 1%, other and unspecified 1.8% (2001 census)
SingaporeChinese 76.8%, Malay 13.9%, Indian 7.9%, other 1.4% (2000 census)
Sierra Leone20 African ethnic groups 90% (Temne 30%, Mende 30%, other 30%), Creole (Krio) 10% (descendants of freed Jamaican slaves who were settled in the Freetown area in the late-18th century), refugees from Liberia's recent civil war, small numbers of Europeans, Lebanese, Pakistanis, and Indians
Congo, Democratic Republic of theover 200 African ethnic groups of which the majority are Bantu; the four largest tribes - Mongo, Luba, Kongo (all Bantu), and the Mangbetu-Azande (Hamitic) make up about 45% of the population
Seychellesmixed French, African, Indian, Chinese, and Arab
SenegalWolof 43.3%, Pular 23.8%, Serer 14.7%, Jola 3.7%, Mandinka 3%, Soninke 1.1%, European and Lebanese 1%, other 9.4%
Saudi ArabiaArab 90%, Afro-Asian 10%
Sao Tome and Principemestico, angolares (descendants of Angolan slaves), forros (descendants of freed slaves), servicais (contract laborers from Angola, Mozambique, and Cape Verde), tongas (children of servicais born on the islands), Europeans (primarily Portuguese)
San MarinoSammarinese, Italian
SamoaSamoan 92.6%, Euronesians 7% (persons of European and Polynesian blood), Europeans 0.4%
Saint Vincent and the Grenadinesblack 66%, mixed 19%, East Indian 6%, Carib Amerindian 2%, other 7%
Saint Pierre and MiquelonBasques and Bretons (French fishermen)
Saint Luciablack 82.5%, mixed 11.9%, East Indian 2.4%, other or unspecified 3.1% (2001 census)
Saint HelenaAfrican descent 50%, white 25%, Chinese 25%
Saint Kitts and Nevispredominantly black; some British, Portuguese, and Lebanese
RwandaHutu (Bantu) 84%, Tutsi (Hamitic) 15%, Twa (Pygmy) 1%
RussiaRussian 79.8%, Tatar 3.8%, Ukrainian 2%, Bashkir 1.2%, Chuvash 1.1%, other or unspecified 12.1% (2002 census)
UkraineUkrainian 77.8%, Russian 17.3%, Belarusian 0.6%, Moldovan 0.5%, Crimean Tatar 0.5%, Bulgarian 0.4%, Hungarian 0.3%, Romanian 0.3%, Polish 0.3%, Jewish 0.2%, other 1.8% (2001 census)
United Arab EmiratesEmirati 19%, other Arab and Iranian 23%, South Asian 50%, other expatriates (includes Westerners and East Asians) 8% (1982)
United Kingdomwhite (of which English 83.6%, Scottish 8.6%, Welsh 4.9%, Northern Irish 2.9%) 92.1%, black 2%, Indian 1.8%, Pakistani 1.3%, mixed 1.2%, other 1.6% (2001 census)
United Stateswhite 81.7%, black 12.9%, Asian 4.2%, Amerindian and Alaska native 1%, native Hawaiian and other Pacific islander 0.2% (2003 est.)
United States Pacific Island Wildlife Refuges
Uruguaywhite 88%, mestizo 8%, black 4%, Amerindian (practically nonexistent)
UzbekistanUzbek 80%, Russian 5.5%, Tajik 5%, Kazakh 3%, Karakalpak 2.5%, Tatar 1.5%, other 2.5% (1996 est.)
VanuatuNi-Vanuatu 98.5%, other 1.5% (1999 Census)
VenezuelaSpanish, Italian, Portuguese, Arab, German, African, indigenous people
VietnamKinh (Viet) 86.2%, Tay 1.9%, Thai 1.7%, Muong 1.5%, Khome 1.4%, Hoa 1.1%, Nun 1.1%, Hmong 1%, others 4.1% (1999 census)
Virgin Islandsblack 76.2%, white 13.1%, Asian 1.1%, other 6.1%, mixed 3.5% (2000 census)
Wake Island
Wallis and FutunaPolynesian
United States Pacific Island Wildlife Refuges
United States Pacific Island Wildlife Refuges
OmanArab, Baluchi, South Asian (Indian, Pakistani, Sri Lankan, Bangladeshi), African
Iles Eparses
United States Pacific Island Wildlife Refuges
United States Pacific Island Wildlife Refuges
United States Pacific Island Wildlife Refuges
Iles Eparses
United States Pacific Island Wildlife Refuges
European Union
TaiwanTaiwanese (including Hakka) 84%, mainland Chinese 14%, indigenous 2%
ZimbabweAfrican 98% (Shona 82%, Ndebele 14%, other 2%), mixed and Asian 1%, white less than 1%
ZambiaAfrican 98.7%, European 1.1%, other 0.2%
Western SaharaArab, Berber
Yemenpredominantly Arab; but also Afro-Arab, South Asians, Europeans
West BankPalestinian Arab and other 83%, Jewish 17%